• Offered by Crawford School of Public Policy
  • ANU College ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
  • Course subject Policy and Governance
  • Academic career PGRD
  • Course convener
    • AsPr Carolyn Hendriks
  • Mode of delivery In Person
  • Offered in Second Semester 2018
    See Future Offerings

One of the central challenges in public policy is understanding and responding to the needs and interests of diverse publics. This course explores how governments and citizens tackle this challenge. Taught in an intensive and interactive mode, students consider questions, such as: How do policy makers engage citizens in the policy process? How do citizens themselves seek to voice their concerns and exert influence on the policy process? What happens when their interests are mis-represented, misunderstood or ignored? What does meaningful citizen participation look like in an era of 24/7 news cycles and social media? In focusing on 'public' aspects of public policy, this course engages students in various democratic issues that surface in the public policy process. Through applied examples and case studies, students reflect on how democratic ideals, such as inclusion, participation, representation and legitimacy may be realised in contemporary governance. Practical attempts at participatory policy making will be examined and critiqued, including deliberative citizens' forums, community meetings, petitions, online engagement and social media.  

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to:
1. demonstrate a working knowledge of key terms, concepts and ideas on citizen engagement and public talk in public policy
2. critically engage with relevant practical and theoretical literature on the design and politics of citizen engagement and public talk in public policy   
3. engage and facilitate informed discussions on the practice, politics and challenges of engaging citizens in public policy 
4. critically analyse participatory forms of policy making drawing connections between theory and practice
5. demonstrate the ability to think independently, develop informed perspectives and persuasively communicate in the field of public policy

Other Information

Students who have not completed POGO8090 Making and Evaluating Public Policy or POGO8082 Political Institutions and Policy Processes and who have completed one of the following courses may request a permission code from the Crawford School of Public Policy:  

POGO8401: Foundations in Public Policy

POGO8402: The Political and Institutional Architecture of Public Policy

POGO8062: Public Sector Management

POGO8403: Cases in Contemporary Public Policy

Indicative Assessment

Short paper   = 30%    
Case Study (two parts): 
i) Presentation (and class facilitation) = 20%
ii) Case Report = 50%

The ANU uses Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. While the use of Turnitin is not mandatory, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website.

Requisite and Incompatibility

POGO8090: Making and Evaluating Public Policy OR POGO8082: Political Institutions and Policy Processes

Preliminary Reading

Fung, A. (2006). Democratizing the Policy Process. The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy. M. Moran, M. Rein and R. E. Goodin. Oxford, Oxford University Press.: 669-685.

Loader, B.D. and Mercea, D., 2012. Networking democracy? Social media innovations in participatory politics. In: B.D. Loader and D. Mercea, eds. Social Media and Democracy: Innovations in participatory politics. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 1-10. 

Nabatchi, T. (2010). "Addressing the Citizenship and Democratic Deficits: The Potential of Deliberative Democracy for Public Administration." The American Review of Public Administration 40(4): 376-399.

Papacharissi, Z.,  2010b. The virtual sphere 2.0: the internet, the public sphere, and beyond. In: A. Chadwick and P.N. Howard, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics. Oxon: Routledge, 230-245.

Allen, D. and Light, J.S. (eds.) (2015) From Voice to Influence: Understanding Citizenship in a Digital Age, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Dewey, J. (1927). The Public and its problems. New York Collier.

Dryzek, J. S. and C. M. Hendriks (2012). Fostering Deliberation in the Forum and Beyond. The Argumentative Turn Revisited: Public Policy as
Communicative Practice. F. Fischer and H. Gottweis. Durham, N.C, Duke University Press: 31-57.

Fung, A. (2006). Democratizing the Policy Process. The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy. M. Moran, M. Rein and R. E. Goodin. Oxford, Oxford University Press.: 669-685.

Fung, A. and Shkabatur, J. (2015) ‘Viral Engagement: Fast, Cheap, and Broad, but Good for Democracy?’ in Allen, D. and Light, J.S. (eds.) From Voice to Influence, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp.155-78.

Karpowitz, C. F. and C. Raphael (2014). Deliberation, Democracy and Civic Forums. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Latour, B. (2005). From Realpolitik to Dingpolitik. Making Things Public -Atmospheres of Democracy. B. Latour and P. Weibel. Karlsruhe & Cambridge, Ma., ZKM & MIT Press: 4-31.

Lee, C. W. (2010). "The Roots of Astroturfing." Contexts 9(1): 73-75.

Marsh, D., C. Lewis and P. Fawcett (2010). Citizen-centred policy making under Rudd: network governance in the shadow of heirarchy? The Rudd Government: Australian Commonwealth Government 2007-2010. C. Aulich and M. Evans. Canberra, ANU E-press: 143-160.

Nabatchi, T., J. Gastil, G. M. Weiksner and M. Leighninger, Eds. (2012). Democracy in Motion: Evaluating the Practice and Impact of Deliberative Civic Engagement. New York, Oxford University Press.

Newman, J., Ed. (2005). Remaking Governance: Peoples, Politics and  the Public Sphere. Bristol, Policy Press.

O'Flynn, J. and J. Wanna, Eds. (2009). Collaborative Governance: A new era of public policy in Australia? Canberra, ANU EPress, http://epress.anu.edu.au/anzsog/collab_gov/pdf/w

Papacharissi, Z. ed.  (2010) A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites. New York: Routledge.

Parkinson, J. (2004). "Why deliberate? The encounter between deliberation and new public managers." Public Administration 82(2): 377-395.

Smith, G. (2009). Democratic Innovations: Designing Institutions for Citizen Participation. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Skocpol, T. (2003). Diminished democracy : from membership to management in American civic life. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press.

Stewart, J. (2009). The Dilemmas of Engagement: the role of consultation in governance. Canberra, Australian New Zealand School of Government and ANU E-Press.

Urbinati, N. and M. E. Warren (2008). "The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory." Annual Review of Political Science 11: 387-412.

Yankelovich, D. (1991). Coming to public judgment: making democracy work in a complex world. Syracuse, N.Y, Syracuse University Press.


Tuition fees are for the academic year indicated at the top of the page.  

If you are a domestic graduate coursework or international student you will be required to pay tuition fees. Tuition fees are indexed annually. Further information for domestic and international students about tuition and other fees can be found at Fees.

Student Contribution Band:
Unit value:
6 units

If you are an undergraduate student and have been offered a Commonwealth supported place, your fees are set by the Australian Government for each course. At ANU 1 EFTSL is 48 units (normally 8 x 6-unit courses). You can find your student contribution amount for each course at Fees.  Where there is a unit range displayed for this course, not all unit options below may be available.

6.00 0.12500
Domestic fee paying students
Year Fee
2018 $3660
International fee paying students
Year Fee
2018 $5160
Note: Please note that fee information is for current year only.

Offerings, Dates and Class Summary Links

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Second Semester

Class number Class start date Last day to enrol Census date Class end date Mode Of Delivery Class Summary
9949 23 Jul 2018 30 Jul 2018 31 Aug 2018 26 Oct 2018 In Person N/A

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