• Class Number 4198
  • Term Code 2930
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In Person
    • Dr Ash Lenton
    • Dr Ash Lenton
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 25/02/2019
  • Class End Date 31/05/2019
  • Census Date 31/03/2019
  • Last Date to Enrol 04/03/2019
SELT Survey Results

This course considers the archaeology of the period when the English language arose and the English state was formed from the various Anglo-Saxon and Viking kingdoms. It was during this period that the current 'Celtic Fringe' of Europe developed in Brittany, Cornwall, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland and the legends of King Arthur and Beowulf arose. Looking at Post-Roman Britain during the period from around 400 to 1400 AD allows us to examine issues such as continuity versus replacement in biological anthropology, migration versus diffusion in the archaeological record, the relation between archaeological and linguistic entities, the nature of personal and group identities, and the interplay of archaeology and nationalism in the modern world. Contemporary developments in Continental Europe from the end of the Western Roman Empire are also examined.


Course Contact: Dr Ash Lenton
E: ash.lenton@anu.edu.au

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

Upon successful completion of this course, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
  1. Explain the chronology and cultural characteristics of Post-Roman Britain.
  2. Interpret the influence of different factors on social and economic change in Post-Roman Britain.
  3. Place key sites from the period into a broader context.
  4. Relate the period to the archaeology of the preceding and succeeding periods in Britain.
  5. Analyze key debates and controversies relating to Post-Roman Britain.

Required Resources


The primary textbook for the course is Ken Dark’s (2002 reprint) Britain and the End of the Roman Empire (Tempus Publishing) and it is available from the Co-op Bookshop. Further relevant works will be put on reserve in Chifley Library on 2-hour or 2-day loan, but independent library research will be expected (and rewarded!). Additional readings will be available either as electronic journal downloads from the ANU Library site or will be placed as pdf files on the Wattle site for the course.

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course: via Turnitin.

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.

Other Information


All academic writing must be referenced. If you use other people’s ideas without referencing them you are plagiarising their work. You should use the Harvard system of referencing within your text. This will take the form: surname, year of publication, page number, and is enclosed within brackets. For example (Esmonde Cleary 2000, 277). At the end of your essay you should provide an alphabetical list of all the works you cite using the following formats:

For books:

Esmonde Cleary, S. 2000. The Ending of Roman Britain. London, Routledge.

For papers in journals:

Braund, D. 1984. Observations on Cartimandua. Britannia 15, 1–6.

For papers in on-line only journals, (please note this is not true where there is a print version which the online journal format copies for example Word Archaeology or all of those accessed though the library)

Buckberry, J. 2000. Missing, Presumed Buried? Bone Diagenesis and the Under-Representation of Anglo-Saxon Children. Assemblage 5. Available at - http://www.shef.ac.uk/assem/5/buckberr.html (viewed 04/05/06)

For papers in edited volumes:

Campbell, E. 1996. The archaeological evidence for external contacts: imports, trade and economy in Celtic Britain AD 400-800. In Dark, K. (ed), External Contacts and the Economy of Late Roman and Post Roman Britain. Woodbridge, Boydell. pp83-96.


Reports must be presented in a readable form. They must be word-processed in at least 12pt lettering, with at least 1½ line spacing and wide margins. Images should be presented at a minimum of 200 dpi and should have labels which clearly link to an in text point. Pages should be numbered and remember to complete and attach a departmental assessment cover sheet to hard copy submissions.


References on Two hour reserve in Chifley

K. Dark 2002 Britain and the end of the Roman Empire. Port Stroud: Tempus. (DA152.D355 2002)

K. Dark 1994 Civitas to Kingdom: British Political Continuity 300-800. Leicester University Press. (DA135.D35 1994)

M.O.H. Carver (ed.) 1992 The Age of Sutton Hoo. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. (DA155.A5 1992)

References on Two day loan in Chifley (on open shelves):

L. Alcock 1987 Economy, Society and Warfare among Britons and Saxons. (DA152.A72.1987)

L. Alcock 1995 Cadbury Castle: the Early Medieval Archaeology. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. (Large DA690.S644.A62 1995)

S. Bassett 1989 The Origins of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms. Leicester University Press. (DA152.O75 1989)

R. Bromwich et al (eds) 1991 The Arthur of the Welsh: The Arthurian Legend in Medieval Welsh Literature. Cardiff: University of Wales Press (PB2208.A78 1991)

A.S.E. Cleary 1989 The Ending of Roman Britain. London: Batsford. (DA145.C52 1989)

K. Dark 1994 Discovery by Design: the Identification of Secular Elite Settlements in Western Britain, AD 400-700. BAR British Series 237 (Large DA90.B74 237)

K. Dark 1996 External Contacts and the Economy of Late Roman and Post-Roman Britain. Rochester: Boydell. (DA135.E95 1996)

N.J. Higham 2002 King Arthur: Myth-making and History. London: Routledge. (DA152.5.A7 H53 2002)

R. Hodges 1989 The Anglo-Saxon Achievement. London: Duckworth. (DA152.H59 1989b)

J.N.L. Myres 1986 The English Settlements. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (DA152.M97 1986)

P. Rahtz et al 1992 Cadbury Congressbury 1968-73: a Late/Post-Roman Hilltop Settlement in Somerset. BAR British Series 223. (Large fDA90.B74 [v.] 223)

C.A. Snyder 1998 An Age of Tyrants: Britain and the Britons A.D. 400-600. Stroud: Sutton. (DA140.S72 1998)

S.J. Allen & E. Amt 2003. The Crusades: A Reader

Journals (not on reserve):

Anglo-Saxon England Chifley Serial DA20.A4 (electronic from 2002).

Antiquity Chifley Serial CC1.A55 ( electronic from 1989).

Britannia Chifley Serial DG11.B7 (electronic from volume 1 in 1970).

Current Archaeology Chifley Serial DA20.C8 (not electronic)

Medieval Archaeology Chifley Serial D111.M46 (electronic from 2001)

Studia Celtica Chifley Serial PB1001.S85 (not electronic, cancelled 1997).

Other references of interest (* = not in ANU)

L.Alcock (1972) ‘By South Cadbury, is that Camelot…’: Excavations at Cadbury Castle 1966-70. London: Thames and Hudson. (DA690.C28.A7)

L. Alcock 1973 Arthur's Britain: History and Archaeology, AD 367-634. Harmondsworth: Penguin. (DA 152.A7)

A. Bammesberger and A. Wollmann (eds) 1990 Britain 400-600: Language and History. Heidleberg: Carl Winter. (DA135.B75 1990)

R. Castleden 2000 King Arthur: the truth behind the legend. London: Routledge. (DA152.5.A7 C37 2000)

T. Charles-Edwards 2003 After Rome. Oxford: OUP. (DA152.A35 2003)

R. Collins 1991 Early Medieval Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan. (D121.C65 1991)

J. Collis 1997 Celtic Myths. Antiquity 71:195-201.

*B. Cornwell 1995 The Winter King. 1996 Enemy of God. 1998 Excalibur.

D. Dumville 1993 Britons and Anglo-Saxons in the Early Middle Ages. Brookfield: Variorum. (DA135.B77 1993)

N. Edwards 1990 The Archaeology of Early Medieval Ireland. London: Batsford. (DA930.E38 1990b)

N. Edwards and A. Lane (eds) 1992 The Early Church in Wales and the West: Recent Work in Early Christian Archaeology, History and Place Names. Oxbow Monographs 16.

N. Faulkner 2001 The Decline and Fall of Roman Britain. Stroud: Tempus. (DA145.F38 2001)

M. Lapidge and D. Dumville (eds) 1984 Gildas: New Approaches. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. (PR1974.G45)

L. Laing 2006 The Archaeology of Celtic Britain and Ireland AD400-1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (DA140.L32 2006)

R. and V. Megaw 1996 Ancient Celts and Modern Ethnicity. Antiquity 70:175-181.

S. Pearce 1978 The Kingdom of Dumnonia: Studies in History and Tradition in South-Western Britain, AD350-1150. Padstow: Lodenek Press. (DA670.C8.P27)

A. Murray 2000 From Roman to Merovingian Gaul. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press. (DC60.F93 2000)

D. James Rackham 1994 Environment and Economy in Anglo-Saxon England. York: CBA. (DA155.E58 1994)

P. Sims-Williams 1995 Britain and Early Christian Europe. Brookfield: Variorum. (BR749.S56 1995)

C. Thomas 1971 Britain and Ireland in Early Christian Times, AD400-800. London: Thames and Hudson. (DA152.2.T48)

C. Thomas 1994 And Shall these Mute Stones Speak? Post-Roman Inscriptions in Western Britain. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. (CN993.D46.T46 1994)

M. Todd 1987 The South-West to AD1000. Longman: London. (DA670.W49.T63 1987)

N. Tolstoy 1985 The Quest for Merlin. Boston: Little Brown and Co. (PN686.M4T65 1985)

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 A Short History of Britain & Arthur Assignments 1-4
2 The End of Roman Britain and the Age of Migrations. Assignments 1-4
3 Death & Burial in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Assignments 1-4
4 Anglo-Saxon Settlements, Communities & Social Organisation Assignments 1-4
5 Anglo-Saxon Economy & Urbanism Assignments 1-4
6 Assignments & Assessment Assignments 1-4
7 Early Medieval Ritual & Religion Assignments 1-4
8 Early Medieval Ethnicity & Identities Assignments 1-4
9 Vikings: the Scandinavian Achievement Assignments 1-4
10 The Development of Kingship & Feudalism Assignments 1-4
11 Life & Death in Later Medieval Europe Assignments 1-4
12 The Medieval Mind & the Medieval Body Assignments 1-4

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Due Date Return of assessment Learning Outcomes
Annotated Bibliography 10 % 07/04/2019 21/04/2019 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Conference Poster 25 % 26/05/2019 22/06/2019 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Seminar Diary 25 % 26/05/2019 22/06/2019 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Essay 40 % 02/06/2019 22/06/2019 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website. Students may choose not to submit assessment items through Turnitin. In this instance you will be required to submit, alongside the assessment item itself, hard copies of all references included in the assessment item.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.

Assessment Task 1

Value: 10 %
Due Date: 07/04/2019
Return of Assessment: 21/04/2019
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Annotated Bibliography

Critically analyse 10 sources (ARCH2037) for research on your essay question.

Assessment Task 2

Value: 25 %
Due Date: 26/05/2019
Return of Assessment: 22/06/2019
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Conference Poster

Conference-style poster about a key Post-Roman site includes a 15-20 minute presentation of your poster in seminar and two discussion questions.

Assessment Task 3

Value: 25 %
Due Date: 26/05/2019
Return of Assessment: 22/06/2019
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Seminar Diary

An account and discussion of the weekly seminars

Assessment Task 4

Value: 40 %
Due Date: 02/06/2019
Return of Assessment: 22/06/2019
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5


Research Essay of up to 3000 words

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of our culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically. This means that all members of the community commit to honest and responsible scholarly practice and to upholding these values with respect and fairness. The Australian National University commits to embedding the values of academic integrity in our teaching and learning. We ensure that all members of our community understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with. The University has policies and procedures in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Visit the following Academic honesty & plagiarism website for more information about academic integrity and what the ANU considers academic misconduct. The ANU offers a number of services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. The Academic Skills and Learning Centre offers a number of workshops and seminars that you may find useful for your studies.

Online Submission

You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) as submission must be through Turnitin.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

No submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date will be permitted. If an assessment task is not submitted by the due date, a mark of 0 will be awarded.


Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.

Returning Assignments

Via Turnitin

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. The Course Convener may grant extensions for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information.
In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service – including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy.
If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.

Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).

Dr Ash Lenton

Research Interests

Ash Lenton is an historical archaeologist, who carries out research into Roman and Anglo-Saxon England, Medieval Europe and colonial period Australia. Ash is a Co-Director of Ribchester Roman Fort Field School & Excavations https://www.academia.edu/12024816/Ribchester_Roman_Fort_Excavations_Lancashire_UK https://www.facebook.com/ribchesterrevisted/ Director of the Nienburg-Wolpe Burg Excavations & Field School Director of the Triabunna Barracks Research Project & Field School


Dr Ash Lenton

Friday 10:00 12:00
Friday 10:00 12:00
Dr Ash Lenton

Research Interests

Dr Ash Lenton

Friday 10:00 12:00
Friday 10:00 12:00

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