This course is an introduction to historical linguistics, and how the study of linguistic histories informs our more general understanding of the history of Asia and the Pacific – particularly when we go back beyond the reach of written records. Asia and the Pacific forms the most linguistically diverse area in the world, and past and present societies across the two regions are typically identified by the kind of languages they speak. The course explores the status and internal diversity of a number of different language groupings, including language families such as Sino-Tibetan, Austroasiatic, Tai-Kadai and Austronesian, linguistic areas such as India and Mainland Southeast Asia languages whose historical connections remain debated, such as Japanese and Korean. It considers what language histories can tell us about the non-linguistic histories of Asia-Pacific societies. The course aims to introduce students to the basic principles and methods of historical linguistics, including processes of language change and language contact, as well as the ways in which linguistic development reflects socio-cultural change. We will use language history as a starting point for broader discussions that incorporate research from anthropology, archaeology and population genetics, asking how the different disciplines tell similar or different stories about the Asia-Pacific past.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:On successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
1. understand and evaluate current models and theories of using language to recover the past
2. analyse linguistic data using methods of historical linguistics
3. critically assess and evaluate research on a specific language history scenario
4. reflect on and articulate how language histories interact with research from related disciplines.
This is a co-taught course. Any cap on enrolments in one course applies to both courses combined.
Indicative AssessmentTutorial participation (5%); Assignments, three of 10% each (30%); Language case study, 1500-2000 words (30%); Research paper, 2000-2500 words (35%).
The ANU uses Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. While the use of Turnitin is not mandatory, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website.
WorkloadContact hours for this course are two one-hour lectures per week and eight one-hour tutorials across the course of the semester. Students are expected to spend an additional six hours of independent study on prescribed class readings, tutorial preparation, and assessment preparation.
Requisite and Incompatibility
Prescribed TextsReading list to be provided in the course outline.
Readings for this course, from a variety of sources, will be available on the course Wattle site, and inlcude, but are not limited to:
- Ao, Benjamin. 1991. Comparative reconstruction of Proto-Chinese revisited. Language Sciences 13(3/4):335-379.
- Ballard, Chris. 2002. A history of Huli society and settlement in the Tari region. In Bryant J Allen (ed.) Health and Environment in the Tari Area. Special Issue Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 45(1-2):8-14.
- Burenhult, Niclas, Nicole Kruspe and Michael Dunn. 2011. Language history and culture groups among Austroasiatic-speaking foragers of the Malay Peninsula. In N. J. Enfield (ed.) Dynamics of human diversity. The case of mainland Southeast Asia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, 257-275.
- Crowley, Terry and Claire Bowern. 2010. An introduction to historical linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Chapter 5: The Comparative Method: Procedures, 78-107.]
- Enfield, N. J. 2005. Areal linguistics and mainland Southeast Asia. Annual Review of Anthropology 34:181-206.
- Pawley, Andrew. 2010. Origins and diversification of the Austronesian languages from Southeast Asia to Remote Oceania. In Christophe Sand and Stuart Bedford (eds) Lapita: Oceanic Ancestors. Paris: Somogy Editions d'Art, 77-89.
- Thurgood, Graham. 2010. Hainan Cham, Anong and Eastern Cham: three languages, three social contexts, three patterns of change. Journal of Language Contact 3:39-65.
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- Student Contribution Band:
- Unit value:
- 6 units
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