- Class Number 4154
- Term Code 3030
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery Online
- Dr Moeen Cheema
- Dr Moeen Cheema
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 24/02/2020
- Class End Date 05/06/2020
- Census Date 08/05/2020
- Last Date to Enrol 02/03/2020
Building on Australian Public Law, this course aims to deepen student understanding of key aspects of the Australian administrative justice system. Administrative law concerns the legal rules and institutions which seek to keep the ‘governors’ in society (principally, decision-makers in the executive arm of government) accountable. It encompasses both judicial and non-judicial modes of accountability (eg administrative tribunals, the ombudsman, and legislation providing for access to information and limiting the purposes for which government can use information). Administrative law can be conceptualised as the legal regulation of the exercise of public (as opposed to ‘private’) power. More specifically, this course will consider:
• Different ways to think about the reach of administrative law in the context of the changing nature of contemporary governance;
• The function and scope of judicial review of administrative action, with particular attention to the constitutional, statutory and common law sources of judicial review jurisdiction.
• Many of the important legal principles associated with the availability of judicial review remedies, the grounds on which administrative decisions may be judicially reviewed, and ‘standing’ to bring judicial review actions;
• Statutory attempts by Parliaments to restrict judicial review and the extent to which judicial review is constitutionally entrenched;
• The concept of merit review, with particular attention to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal;
• The role played by non-adjudicative accountability mechanism with particular attention to the operation of public sector Ombudsman and Freedom of Information legislation;
• The role played by administrative law in the context of important constitutional principles such as the separation of powers and the rule of law;
• The historical and social context in which Australian administrative law has developed.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- Explain, apply and appraise the principles of judicial review of administrative action at both the State and Federal levels of government in Australia;
- Explain, apply and appraise the limits on the powers of the courts to engage in judicial review of administrative action, and the constitutional protection of such review;
- Distinguish between the different categories of adjudicative review (legality and merit review) and between adjudicative and non-adjudicative accountability mechanisms;
- Explain and appraise the interaction between the various institutions of administrative law and the role played by each in the administrative justice system;
- Recognise and explain the relevance of the Constitution and constitutional concepts to the development of distinctive Australian administrative law institutions and principles;
- Reflect critically on judicial reasoning in administrative law cases, the values underpinning administrative law, and the impact of the law on administrative decision-making;
- Apply administrative law principles to resolve practical problems, reasoning to a conclusion by analogy to decided cases recognising the way in which statutory context influences the application of these principles.
Moeen Cheema is a Senior Lecturer at the ANU College of Law and has considerable experience of research, teaching and consultancy in the fields of comparative public law, criminal law, and legal and political developments in South Asia. Moeen’s research is interdisciplinary and draws on critical approaches to law. He is especially interested in constitutional politics and judicial review; criminal justice systems; and post-conflict state-building.
Students will require a textbook and the associated ‘cases’ book. The books can be purchased as a 'pack'.
Text: Peter Cane, Leighton McDonald, and Kristen Rundle, Principles of Administrative Law (3rd ed, Oxford University Press, 2018)
Cases: Peter Cane, Leighton McDonald, and Kristen Rundle, Cases for Principles of Administrative Law (3rd ed , Oxford University Press, 2018)
Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
- written comments
- verbal comments
- feedback to the whole class, to groups, to individuals, focus groups
ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.
Extensions late submission and penalties - https://law.anu.edu.au/current-students/policies-procedures/extensions-late-submission-and-penalties
Penalties for excess word length: https://law.anu.edu.au/current-students/policies-procedures/word-length-and-excess-word-penalties
Distribution of Grades Policy: Effective from Winter Session and Second Semester 2018 (and until further notice), the current Grading Distribution Policy has been suspended pending the development of a new policy. For further information about the interim policy please see: https://law.anu.edu.au/current-students/policies-procedures/grading
Further Information about the Course: is available from the course WATTLE page. Students are required to access the WATTLE site regularly throughout the course for details on weekly classes and any announcements and updates relating to the course.
|Week/Session||Summary of Activities||Assessment|
|1||Introduction to Administrative Law and the Australian System of Administrative Justice Introduction to Judicial Review Legality Review/Merits Review distinction The structure of judicial review|
|2||The Scope of Judicial Review: constitutional sources of judicial review jurisdiction statutory sources of jurisdiction|
|3||The Scope of Judicial Review: 'supervisory’ jurisdiction of State Supreme Courts Delegated legislation: can legislative decisions be judicially reviewed? Judicial Review Remedies and the centrality of jurisdictional error|
|4||What are jurisdictional errors? The consequences of ‘invalidity’ Judicial Review Remedies: the nuts and bolts|
|5||Introduction to Administrative law norms (aka ‘grounds of review’) Procedural Fairness: fair hearing rule|
|6||Rule against bias; Statutory procedures; Obligations to give reasons|
|7||Unauthorised purposes; Relevant and irrelevant considerations; The role of policy in decision-making; Dictation; Delegation.|
|8||Fact/Law distinction and Jurisdictional facts Legal reasonableness|
|10||Statutory restrictions on judicial review|
|11||Merits review and tribunals Internal review and Ombudsmen|
|12||Freedom of Information legislation Exam revision|
Online tutorial sessions will be held from 5-7 pm AEST on Thursday during each week of the semester.
|Assessment task||Value||Due Date||Return of assessment||Learning Outcomes|
|Online Quiz||0 %||25/04/2020||25/04/2020||1,2|
|Seminar participation||10 %||05/06/2020||11/06/2020||1,2,3,4,5,6,7|
|Mid-Semester Take-home Assignment||20 %||15/04/2020||15/05/2020||1,2,3,5,6|
|Final Take-home exam||70 %||*||09/07/2020||1,2,3,4,5,6,7|
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:
The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website. In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.
Moderation of Assessment
Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.
Please note, that the dates used in the Assessment Summary in relation to take home exams and final exams indicate approximate timeframes. Students should consult the ANU final examination timetable to confirm the date, time and venue of the exam.
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 1,2
Details of Task: There will be 15 multiple choice questions covering all course material up to the date the quiz goes online.
Nature of Task: This task is optional. No marks are allocated for this quiz but it provides a useful way for students to gauge their understanding of the course material.
Value or weighting: 0%
Release: Friday 3 April 2020 by 5pm (on WATTLE).
Due date: Any time before 5pm on Saturday 25 April 2020. The quiz will not be available after this date.
Estimated return date: You will receive feedback on your answers as soon as you have completed the quiz on WATTLE.
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
Details of Task: The seminar participation component is optional and redeemable, which means that it you must opt-in to receive a grade and your grade will count towards your final grade only if it is to your advantage (ie only if your participation mark is higher than your final exam mark).
The seminar participation is designed to develop learning objectives 1-5 with an emphasis on oral communication. This is also an essential skill you should develop throughout your law degree – being able to articulate the principles of law you are learning. To opt-in to seminar participation (and be eligible to receive a grade) students must sign up to be 'on-deck' for two particular week of classes; once in weeks 2-6 and once in weeks 7-12. On-deck sign-up will occur on Monday, February 24 (check WATTLE site for details). Students who are ‘on-deck’ should be in a position to respond to questions and to take a leading role in class discussion. However, this contribution is not intended to exclude the participation of others. Participation grades will be based on performance across the entire semester; that is, the assessment of students who sign-up to be on-deck and will be based both their general contribution throughout semester together with their participation when ‘on-deck’.
Nature of Task: Optional and redeemable (see above). Students who do not choose to sign up for seminar participation at the time of seminar enrolment will have their final exam will count for 80% of their grade.
Value or weighting: 10%.
Due date: Ongoing.
Estimated return Date: prior to exam (WATTLE)
- identify the relevance of contributions to themes developed in class and in assigned readings;
- are accurate in their contributions;
- are clear in their expression and make persuasive arguments;
- contribute to fostering discussion;
- encourage and respect others’ contributions;
- make contributions of quality, rather than quantity
Assessment Task 3
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,5,6
Mid-Semester Take-home Assignment
Details of Task: The mid-semester assignment is designed to develop your capacity to engage carefully and critically with the cases and issues covered in the first half of the course. You will need to answer two questions with answers of 600 words per question, from a set of 4 questions. This will assist you in fulfilling the learning outcomes, with an emphasis on expected learning outcomes 1, 2, 4 and 5. The assessment task will also prepare students for ‘reflective/argumentative questions’ which will be included in the final examination (see below for further information). Well prepared students should expect to be able to complete the exam in 2-3 hours.
Nature of Task: Compulsory. Non-submission will result in a ‘0’ marks being awarded for this assessment item.
Value or weighting: 20%.
Release: 9 am on Tuesday, 14 April 2020 (on WATTLE).
Due date: 5 pm on Wednesday, 15 April 2020 via Turnitin.
Late submissions will not be accepted. For this reason it would be extremely risky to leave uploading your exam until the last minute.
Word limit: 1200 words.
Estimated return date: Friday 15 May 2020 via Turnitin.
- make appropriate and accurate use of the reading materials covered in the class plan;
- structuring responses well and ensuring they are clearly and concisely expressed;
- addressing the relevant issues raised in the questions and making persuasive arguments; and
- demonstrating understanding of, and critical thinking on, material covered in the Class Plan and the discussion in class during weeks 1-6 of the course.
Assessment Task 4
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
Final Take-home exam
Details of task: The final exam is designed not only to test knowledge of administrative law’s rules and principles but also to enable students to demonstrate how these rules and principles may be applied to legal problems. The problem question (worth 60% of the total marks available for the exam) will require students to demonstrate sound skills of legal interpretation and reasoning. The exam will also contain two ‘reflective/argumentative questions’ (worth 40% of the total marks available). These questions will be designed to test for deep understanding, for example, by asking: how particular concepts or ideas studied in the course relate one to another, for an explanation or evaluation of conclusions reached in particular cases, or for an explanation or illustration of the importance of a particular concept/principle/case. The focus will not be on the reproduction of information.
Nature of task: Compulsory. Non-attendance will result in a ‘0’ for this assessment task.
Timing: Students should consult the ANU final examination timetable to confirm the date, time and venue of the exam.
Duration: 2 and a half hours.
Value or weighting: 80%. (Or 70% where a student has opted to complete the optional 10% participation task and counting and it is to their benefit to count their grade for that task.)
Estimated Return Date: After grades are released via the Services office.
- make relevant and persuasive arguments;
- make accurate use of relevant legal material;
- are well structured and clearly and concisely expressed;
- address the issues raised in the problem questions and reason persuasively by reference to relevant legal rules and principles; and
- demonstrate understanding of, and critical thinking on, material covered in the course.
Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically, committing to honest and responsible scholarly practice and upholding these values with respect and fairness.
The ANU commits to assisting all members of our community to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle and Academic Misconduct Rule, uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with.
The Academic Misconduct Rule is in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Very minor breaches of the academic integrity principle may result in a reduction of marks of up to 10% of the total marks available for the assessment. The ANU offers a number of online and in person services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. Visit the Academic Skills website for more information about academic integrity, your responsibilities and for assistance with your assignments, writing skills and study.
You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.
For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.
Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:
- Late submission not permitted. If submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date is not permitted, a mark of 0 will be awarded.
- Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.
Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.
Extensions and Penalties
Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.
Distribution of grades policy
Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.
Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.
Support for students
The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).
- ANU Health, safety & wellbeing for medical services, counselling, mental health and spiritual support
- ANU Diversity and inclusion for students with a disability or ongoing or chronic illness
- ANU Dean of Students for confidential, impartial advice and help to resolve problems between students and the academic or administrative areas of the University
- ANU Academic Skills and Learning Centre supports you make your own decisions about how you learn and manage your workload.
- ANU Counselling Centre promotes, supports and enhances mental health and wellbeing within the University student community.
- ANUSA supports and represents undergraduate and ANU College students
- PARSA supports and represents postgraduate and research students
Dr Moeen Cheema