- Class Number 9545
- Term Code 3060
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery In Person
- Peter Whiteford
- Peter Whiteford
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 27/07/2020
- Class End Date 30/10/2020
- Census Date 31/08/2020
- Last Date to Enrol 03/08/2020
This course aims to provide an introduction to the main principles of social policy in a comparative context as a foundation for further studies in the social policy area. It discusses the parameters of social policy and how social policy intersects with other aspects of government policy, such as labour policy, taxation policy and health policy. It analyses varying models of social welfare provision and social protection as well as fundamental policy issues, such as the merits of targeting versus universality, horizontal versus vertical equity, and rights-based versus discretionary entitlements. The course then considers social protection in the context of key groups of potential beneficiaries, including the unemployed, children and families, retirees, and the indigenous. Emphasis is on a comparative approach, comparing Australian social policy with that of other OECD countries and of other countries in the Asia and Pacific region.
Topics to be covered include:
- the boundaries of social policy
- contrasting models of welfare and the welfare state
- the intersections between economic and social policy
- international comparisons
- social policy priorities in developed and developing countries
- demographics of ageing and fertility
- poverty, inequality and adequacy
- welfare reform
- labour market assistance and the unemployed
- children and family policy
- work and family
- sole parents and child support
- age pension and retirement support
- indigenous social policy
- health and health insurance
- the future of social policy
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
On successful completion of this unit you will have:
- demonstrated a working knowledge of key terms, concepts and ideas in the study of social policy and social protection
- assessed the major political institutions and actors involved in the social policy process
- demonstrated a knowledge of how social policy interacts with other areas of government policy, such as economic policy
- considered the roles of values and alternative approaches in social policy
- developed a capacity to analyse and assess alternative approaches to social policy interventions
- reviewed the historical development of the social protection system in Australia and other countries
- compared the Australian social protection system with those of other OECD nations as well as the approaches taken in developing countries
- appraised various Welfare State models and their relevance to Australia and other countries
- considered the social policy issues involved in assistance to categorical groups, such as the aged, families and the unemployed.
- demonstrated the capacity to think independently in the field of social policy'
- developed an understanding of the eclectic nature of social policy and the potential contribution of an array of alternative approaches and academic disciplines
The main textbook is the Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State - available online through the ANU library
Staff FeedbackStudents will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
- Written comments
- Verbal comments
- Feedback to the whole class, to groups, to individuals, focus groups
Student FeedbackANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.
|Week/Session||Summary of Activities||Assessment|
|1||30 July Course Outline Introduction to Principles of Social Policy: Confronting Global Challenges||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|2||6 August Lecture 2 Defining the Scope of Social Policy||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|3||13 August Lecture 3 The Histories of Social Policy From the Poor Law to the 19th Century||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|4||20 August Lecture - 4 The Histories of Social Policy (2) War and Social Policy Richard Titmuss and his contribution to Social Policy and Administration||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|5||27 August Lecture 5 Social Protection in its International Context Welfare State Regimes and Welfare State Models||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|6||3 September Lecture 6 : Global Social Policy: The Role of the ILO and the World Bank in Social Protection||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|7||24 September Lecture 7: Measuring Poverty Booth, Rowntree and Henderson The Poverty Wars||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|8||8 October Lecture 8: Inequality, nationally and globally Inclusive growth and human development||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|9||15 October Lecture 9: Population Ageing and Family Change||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|10||22 October Lecture 10:||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|11||29 October Lecture 11: Alternative Approaches Conditional Cash Transfers Internationally Basic Income, Guaranteed Income or Negative Income Tax: A Way Forward?||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|12||5 November Lecture 12: Policy Implementation The Art and Craft of Policy development and Advice||9.00 –10.30 View Presentations online 10.30 - 12.00 Zoom meeting|
|Assessment task||Value||Due Date||Return of assessment||Learning Outcomes|
|First Essay 3,000 words||50 %||18/09/2020||05/10/2020||11/1/2018 12:00:00 AM|
|Final Essay 3,000 words||50 %||13/11/2020||*||11/1/2018 12:00:00 AM|
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
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Assessment RequirementsThe ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website Students may choose not to submit assessment items through Turnitin. In this instance you will be required to submit, alongside the assessment item itself, hard copies of all references included in the assessment item.
Moderation of AssessmentMarks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 11/1/2018 12:00:00 AM
First Essay 3,000 words
Description of Assessment Tasks
Assessment is through two individual essays. The First Essay should not exceed 3,000 words and will comprise 50% of the assessment. The First Essay is due by 11.55 p.m. on Friday 18 September.
The First Essay is to be selected from one of the following topics:
1.Meaning of Social Policy…
What is meant by the term ‘social policy’? Does ‘social policy’ qualify as a unique discipline worthy of academic study in its own right? Is it more than a field of study? What do you consider to be the purpose of studying social policy? How has this area of study developed and what has been its contribution?
Provide a critical review of the contribution to social policy and administration of the British academic Richard Titmuss. Did he make a unique contribution? In which areas did he make a particular contribution? What criticisms can be made about his approach and his analysis. Does his work have continuing relevance to the issues we now face?
Discuss the different approaches that have been taken to the measurement of poverty. How has poverty been measured in Australia? What were the “poverty wars” in Australia between the two Professors Saunders? Did this debate contribute to our understanding of the issues involved in poverty measurement? How do you suggest poverty should be measured and why?
4. Welfare Regime Models.
Please consider and discuss the Esping-Andersen typology of Welfare States and the criticisms that have been made of this methodology. Does this analysis have anything useful to tell us about comparative social policy in today’s world? Consider the relevance of this typology to either the Australian social protection system or to emerging social protection approaches in developing economies.
5 . Social Protection in Developing Countries
What is meant by the term social protection? What is the potential contribution of social protection to resolving the problem of poverty and vulnerability in developing countries? Illustrate by reference to a country (or countries) with which you are familiar.
6. Social Policy and War.
Discuss the development of social policy in Australia during WW2, particularly in the context of the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Social Security. What was the contribution of this Committee? How significant were the reforms in the 1940’s? Is it time for another comprehensive review of the social security system in Australia?
Initial readings for both Essays will be as for the Class Reading list, with self-directed follow-up for further reading.
Assessment Criteria for Essays:
Understanding of key concepts and theories
- Understanding of the theoretical and conceptual origins of an issue.
- Understanding of relevant literature
Quality of critical analysis
- Clearly articulated conceptual framework
- Originality and creativity of reflection and analysis…
- Focus on analysis rather than description
Clarity of organisational structure, presentation and focus
- Clear and logical development of argument
- Clear and logical structure of paper
- Clarity of expression
- Spelling, word choice, grammar and punctuation
… Use of appropriate examples and/or data
- Use of evidence to support argument
- Accurate use of data
- Choice of topics and issues
- Selection of relevant materials
Appropriate and accurate use of sources
- Accurate referencing
- Relevance and breadth of use of literature
- Critical use of academic and internet sources
- Compliance with referencing and citation guide
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 11/1/2018 12:00:00 AM
Final Essay 3,000 words
The Final Essay should not exceed 3,000 words and will also comprise 50% of the assessment. The Final Essay is due by 11.55 p.m. on Friday 13 November.
The Final Essay is to be selected from one of the following topics:
Outline the advantages and disadvantages of non-contributory social pension schemes. Discuss the potential role of universal or selective programs. Consider in the context of the Australian system of social protection or in relation to another country of your choice.
2.Conditional Cash Transfers.
Consider and discuss the effectiveness of CCT Programs. Discuss the experience with CCT programs in a Country of your choice (or more than one Country if you prefer). What circumstances make for more successful application of CCT Programs?
3.Social Protection and the ILO and World Bank
Consider how the views of International Agencies (particularly the International Labour Office and the World Bank) have developed over time in the area of social protection. What was the basis of the conflict between these agencies and what impact did it have? With the recent adoption of the idea of social protection floors that guarantee minimum rates of income security are these conflicts likely to be reduced? How effective are these agencies in the development of social protection systems throughout the world? You may wish to illustrate your arguments by considering the experience of particular country or countries.
4. Universal Basic Income
There has been growing interest in various countries (e.g. Finland) in the possible introduction of Universal Basic Income (UBI) schemes. Discuss what is meant by Universal Basic Income, Guaranteed Minimum Income, Negative Income Tax and Demogrants. What problems are these schemes intended to address? What are their strengths and weaknesses? Do they offer a solution to current and emerging challenges e.g. technological change?
5.Policy Analysis and Implementation
Identify an example of social policy (in Australia or another country with which you are familiar) that is in need of reform. Students will need to identify why they have chosen this policy measure, outline its problems and then develop a practical course of action for improvement. An alternative policy measure would then be developed.
Students will need to draw on their understanding of the policy and administrative aspects of the existing arrangements, be analytical about explaining why it does not work and be creative in coming up with an improved approach.
Students need to explain why they think their proposal would lead to improvement, and need to consider financial aspects, a timetable and an implementation strategy (including whether the law needs to be changed, use of Information Technology, potential risks and how they might be mitigated, and program monitoring and evaluation arrangements).
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