- Class Number 2653
- Term Code 3130
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery In Person
- Simone Dennis
- Simone Dennis
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 22/02/2021
- Class End Date 28/05/2021
- Census Date 31/03/2021
- Last Date to Enrol 01/03/2021
Through ethnographic methods, anthropologists examine a wide range of phenomena including medicine, the media, popular culture, indigenity, minority groups, law and the environment, along with many other areas. They do so by situating these topics within their broader cultural contexts, and closely examining taken for granted assumptions and ideas about them. Ethnographic information is collected over long periods of time, among the people the anthropologist wants to study. On the basis of long term and in depth engagement, anthropologists are able to arrive at very specific cultural understandings of the world, which differ from conventional, assumed and even stereotypical or ethnocentric understandings.
This course looks at how anthropologists think about these topics, and how they carry out research. You will learn about anthropological styles of thinking, how to ask research questions, how to link up questions with methods, how to undertake methods to get data, and how to do basic data analysis.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:Upon successful completion of this course, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- Demonstrate foundational disciplinary knowledge of anthropology.
- Appraise the theoretical ambitions of anthropology and their worth in the contemporary world.
- Engage with and examine everyday topics with a new and anthropological focus.
- Discuss and pose anthropological questions.
- Apply basic anthropological research methods and analysis.
Students will be given feedback orally and in writing at all assignment stages.
ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.
Notes for production of work
- 1.5 spacing
- Justified margins.
- Font size 12: Arial, Times New Roman, Calibri, Cambria, etc. Something easy for us to read.
- Page numbers (we don’t care where on the page).
- We don’t mind if you print on both sides of the paper.
- Do not use Wikipedia or other non-specific materials that have no disciplinary value.
- Your analytic sources should be academic. Ensure web sources are reliable and valid; if in doubt, ask us.
- Ensure that you go outside the supplied sources to get your information when producing written assessment work.
- Think of keywords that refer to your topic, and search those to get sources that match up to your task.
- Anthropology Plus can be helpful. To get there go to the ANU library home page. You’ll see e-resources and databases – click on this link. Click A. Scroll down to the second page of A, and you’ll see Anthropology Plus. There is a space to type in keywords. Type in your keywords. If you are working from home, remember to use the reverse proxy login so you can search and download. Anthropology Plus also appears as a link on the Wattle homepage.
- Anthrosource is also available. To get to it, follow the same procedures for above. You can search particular journals in this site.
In your paper, use in-text author date:
For your references:
Dennis, S. 2010. Things to know about anthropology. Journal of Knowing Things. V, 30. no. 5. pp. 23-560.
Dennis, S. 2010. Anthropology: I like it. London: Verso.
Name of site, date of production of material on site (if you know it), author name (if there is one) date accessed.
- Organise your references alphabetically. Do not number references.
- Only those sources you refer to in the body of your paper should appear in the reference list. Do not list sources that do not appear in your paper. Do not over-format (i.e., no bolding, underlining, etc. in the reference list).
- If you are using journals on line, reflect them in your reference list as though they were paper sources. That is how they will appear on line, unless you are using a solely online journal. In that case, there should be an instruction on how this source should be cited – use that.
- Don’t split your references up into types – keep them together and alphabetise.
- Are you going to be using materials, like newspapers, archival info, web info, television, radio? If you do, remember these must be treated as research materials, or data to analyse, NOT analytic materials in themselves.
- We want between 5-10 references for reflection and essay pieces.
- All quotes must be accompanied by page number.
- Ensure quotes are worked into your sentence structure.
- If you want to emphasis part of a quote, italicise it and add, after your citation info: my emphasis
- Use footnotes to tell your reader about a related, but not central, idea. If the idea is central, it should be in your text.
- Use footnotes to alert us to wider debates that your topic belongs in, but that do not have a specific place in your essay.
- Do not overuse footnotes (don’t put an essay within an essay).
- Exclude footnotes from your word count.
Producing an anthropology essay: reading and writing critically
The very first thing to know about approaching writing and reading in anthropology is that there are not many answers to anthropological questions. Few issues in anthropology have been neatly tied up and put to rest. You won't find many generally accepted 'answers', and there are no single authorities who can tell you all you need to know. This means that we expect your essays to demonstrate not just factual knowledge but also some ability to present and assess arguments and counter-arguments about particular problems.
This should tell you right away that when you read or write in the discipline, you will not be looking for facts that are ‘true’ or ‘right’, but instead for the ways in which observations and insights of the social world might be interpreted. It helps to remember that anthropology is not so much a unified body of knowledge as it is a constant and ongoing (and exciting) tension between conflicting ideas.
This is the reason why your lecturers and tutors in the discipline will encourage you to read widely, and to read critically. This is the best way to discover that much of the discipline consists of debate and argument over how and according to what perspective observations of and insight into the social world can be interpreted. Anthropology is a dialectical, ongoing production of ideas.
Reading critically does not mean reading to find fault, or pitting prominent anthropologists against one another to decide who is right. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that reading and writing critically means that you have to make statements that rubbish all theoreticians working in the area of concern to your essay. It means following the author’s argument, and the theoretical framework it comes from, and assessing that argument against the material that she or he is using to support it. Does it make assumptions that are not borne out in the material? Are there gaps or leaps in the logic? Now that you understand the argument the author is trying to make, and the material she or he is using in support of it, does it convince you? Why/not? It is only after you have read a variety of texts on a particular topic or problem that you can appreciate the main approaches that are made to it, and start thinking about your own position.
That a variety of interpretations can be put forward does not mean that any interpretation can be put forward – all the interpretations that are put forward proceed on the basis of validity. But some approaches and arguments you read will convince you more than others. When you read critically, you can come to the conclusion that one way of interpreting something is more valid than another way, and you will be able to say why you think so.
Writing critically means bringing this ‘why I think so’ to bear on the question you have been asked to respond to in your essay. For instance, it is not enough to give us a literature review of the positions that anthropologists have come up with on a particular topic or problem. Familiarity with the literature is essential – but it is not nearly enough on its own. Your essay is precisely that – yours. It must be based on your own thinking, in response to the critical reading that you have done (in and through which you will have developed your own opinion on approaches and arguments in the existing literature). This should give you a bit of a hint also to how many direct quotations and paraphrasing should be in your essay -- extensive quotation or paraphrase will not tell your marker much about your thinking on the matter.
Remember that no one in the discipline expects you to come up with a new and original insight into the essay topic – this is not what is meant by writing critically here. The main evidence we look for of critical writing is a considered evaluation of how the main thinking (as it is expressed in key readings) in the area of concern to your essay impacts on the problem or topic you are dealing with, and your considered opinion on that bearing. A really good way of ensuring you do this is to compare and contrast the work of the main writers.
Giving your own opinion does not mean that you have to decide whose work is the best. It might mean that you argue that a particular theoretician’s work is more fruitful for understanding a specific situation:
‘Where Mary Douglas’s work offers insights into the ways in which the body and the world mirror each other, it cannot tell us much about how they influence one another. Jackson’s insights about metaphor, however, directly link person with world, and allow a focus on movement and interaction’.
Saying this does not mean that Mary Douglas’s work should be summarily disregarded; rather, it is not as useful as Jackson’s work for considering the moving relationship between person and world in the case being considered.
You might also not end up deciding between entire interpretations – you might decide that some elements of one theoretician’s work are really useful for making an understanding of the topic you are considering, as are some elements of another. The key is to ensure you understand the argument being made, and its application the material of interest to you, and what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of that.
You might find, after having read widely and critically, that you favour a particular approach. Favouring an approach does not mean that you have been uncritical. It does mean that you have to say why this approach is so very good for understanding the topic at hand. Again, it is bringing that ‘why I think so’ to bear on your writing. In cases where you do favour a particular approach, it is very important to remember that direct quotation and paraphrase will not be sufficient on their own, as you’ll likely find gems that are just what you want to say. In these cases, you must remember to explain why this is such a good approach, rather than simply seeking to demonstrate that it is.
General Assessment Criteria
A PASS paper will indicate that the student has not quite understood yet some of the key ideas and concepts taught in this course. The question addressed or the argument the student is mounting in the piece might be acceptable, but not compelling. If methods are involved, the methods will be appropriate methods, and the student will have been able to give some basic, but not sophisticated, reasons for their choices. Chosen sources will be appropriate to the task, but might show that a limited or basic search has been conducted, or that the sources have not been explored to the extent they might have been.
A CREDIT paper is one that demonstrates that the student can make a compelling and appropriate question, argument. If methods are used, the methods will have the capacity to reveal much about the situation they are being applied to, and the student may have given compelling reasons for their inclusion based on their suitability to the research. Chosen references will show a good understanding of the relevant literature, and will show that considerable effort has gone into the search for appropriate literature. The literature will be anthropologically based for the most part, and there will not be confusion as to what constitutes a relevant disciplinary source.
A DISTINCTION paper will express that the student is able to give convincing, compelling arguments and raise questions that are sophisticated and well developed. If methods are involved, the methods will be highly appropriate to the task, and compelling reasons for their inclusion will be given, based on their suitability to the planned research. There may also be some sense of why other methods were considered but excluded, or why some methods are more suited than others for particular reasons. Choice of references will show a developed understanding of the included sources, will show that very considerable effort has gone into the search for appropriate literature, and will evidence a broad research imagination.
A HIGH DISTINCTION paper will showcase a lively, critical approach. The student will have been able to give convincing, compelling and nuanced arguments. The methods will be highly appropriate to the task, and compelling reasons for their inclusion will be given, based on their suitability to the planned research. There will also be some sustained discussion as to the selection of these methods that will be of excellent quality. References will show a highly developed understanding of the included sources, will show that great effort has gone into the search for appropriate literature, and will evidence a broad and critical research imagination.
|Week/Session||Summary of Activities||Assessment|
|1||INDICATIVE Introduction to the course structure and assessment. Anthropology: The making of uncommon sense||Questions and Readings No readings assigned this week. But there will be a podcast for you to listen to, with all sorts of orienting ideas and notions! I'll be looking for your feedback and suggestions, too, on what you think about what we'll be covering. Participation, in this sense, begins immediately!|
|2||What is distinctive about anthropology? Introducing the key concerns of anthropology and the underpinnings of the discipline – what can we use anthropology to explore?||Questions and Readings What are some of the general things we could say about what anthropology is? Try your hand at explaining it. What questions do you have about what anthropology is? Durrenberger, P.& S.Erem. 2010. Chapter One: Science Basics. In their Anthropology Unbound: A field guide to the 21st Century (2nd edition). London: Paradigm Publishers. pp. 5-9. Gay y Blasco, P. and H. Wardle 2007. Introduction: The concerns and distinctiveness of ethnography. How to Read Ethnography. OX.: Routledge pp. 1-12.|
|3||INDICATIVE Doing anthropology Applying anthropological methods: being there, taking note. Taking ethnographic field notes, doing life history interviews. How do anthropologists do anthropology?||Questions and Readings What are some of the key aspects and issues of ‘being there’ for anthropologists? What are some of the basic elements of taking fieldnotes? Why are these elements fundamental to anthropological work and analysis? Wolcott, H.F. 1995. Fieldwork: The basic arts. The Art Of Fieldwork. CA.: AltaMira Press pp. 86-121.|
|4||INDICATIVE Ceremonies, performances, public events, rituals Why would anthropologists look at public events, ceremonies and rituals? Anthropology of death How do anthropologists look at death?||Questions and Readings Why would an anthropologist be interested in a christening, a coming of age party, an exorcism, or a Christmas parade? And what about death? There’s lots to think about regarding death contemporary debates on the politics of death, what constitutes the moment of death and what happens after, as well as investigate the political lives of dead bodies. corpses, organ donation, end-of-life care, and concepts of biopolitics and bare life. Van Gennep, A. 1972. Betrothal and Marriage. The Rites of Passage. Chicago: Chicago University Press pp. 116-145. Turner, V. 1967. Betwixt and Between: The liminal period in rites de passage. Forest of Symbols: aspects of Ndembu Ritual Ithaca: Cornell UP pp. 93-111. Handelman, D. 1990 Premises and Prepositions. Models and Mirrors: Towards and Anthropology of Public Events N.Y.: Berghahn Books pp. 3-21. Kaufman, S. and L. Morgan, 2005. The Anthropology of the Beginnings and Ends of Life. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. (34):317-341. Lock, M. Death in Technological Time: Locating the End of Meaningful Life. 1996. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 10(4):575-600.|
|5||INDICATIVE Kinship I’ll introduce you to ideas about why kinship used to be important in anthropology, and why it is now, and some basics in kinship.||Questions and Readings Why was kinship so important to the discipline early in its history? We can start to learn how to take a kinship diagram and we’ll reflect on our experience of doing that. You'll learn HEAPS you never knew about the ways you are related to others -- and the commonest ways of organising relatedness might surprise you. We’ll also consider: Why is kinship important now? Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 1940. Introductory--Chapter 1: Interest in Cattle in his The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Pp.1-50. Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1940 Chapter V: The Lineage System in his The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood and Political Institutions of a Nilotic People. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Pp.192-248. Erikson, P. & L. Murphy, 2003. British Social Anthropology in their A History of Anthropological Theory. Ontario: Broadview Press pp. 100-111. + from textbook Carter, Anthony T., 2007.Review of Carsten’s After Kinship Anthropological Quarterly, Volume 80, Number 2 pp. 581-583. Carsten, J., 2007. Constitutive Knowledge: Tracing Trajectories of Information in New Contexts of Relatedness Anthropological Quarterly, Volume 80, Number 2, pp. 403-426. Yngvesson, B., 2007. Anthropological Quarterly, Volume 80, Number 2, pp. 561-579.|
|6||INDICATIVE Anthropology is all about living into the lives of people under study for extended periods of time and trying to generate uncommon knowledge about those lives. Sounds invasive – what ethical issues come up? Today we’re going to get hands-on again with some information about anthropological ethics, and some tests of your knowledge.||Questions and Readings Ethics Hypotheticals. I'll be asking your opinions on the ethical hypothetical cases you looked at in your reading this week. Ethics hypothetical To access the cases we will be using, open the following hyperlink: http://www.aaanet.org/commitees/ethics/ch3.htm|
|7||INDICATIVE Anthropology of food Are you food secure? Are you sure? Understanding food taboos Networks of power||Questions and Readings How do you eat in prison? In any institutional context? Could you lend cultural specificity to institutional food? What's a meal? What's at the bottom of food inequity? What do beliefs and relatedness to others have to do with it? We're going to think about this by cooking (well, I will be). But will you make me eat what you've watched me create? And will you create online, too? Cate, S. 2008. Breaking Bread with a Spread in a San Francisco County Jail. Gastronomica (3):17-24. Rock, M. et al. 2009. Discomforting comfort foods: stirring the pot on Kraft Dinner and social inequality in Canada. Agric Hum. Values 26:167–176 Mintz, S. and C. DuBois. 2002. The Anthropology of Food and Eating Annual Review of Anthropology Vol. 31: 99-119|
|8||INDICATIVE Anthropology and Animals Using the lens of the animal to think about anthropology Special focus on watching animals – be prepared to rethink notions of animals as entirely heterosexual! What could this tell us about our own notions of nature and how its laws are applied to persons?||Questions and Readings Animals offer insight into the discipline, and into the lives of human animals. How could your relations to animals give you a perspective onto yourself and your culture? Are animals your kin? What’s distinctive about animals and humans? Anything? Prepare to learn things you never knew about giraffes! Geertz, C.1973. "Notes on the Balinese Cockfight" in The Interpretation of Cultures, Basic Books, 1973. Harris. M. 1978 The Origin of the Sacred Cow. Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures. Glasgow: William Collins pp. 155-170.|
|9||Consumption and the Anthropology of Things Things, things things! We’re surrounded. What is the ‘anthropology of things’, and why do we need to look at material life?||Questions and Readings What’s materiality got to do with agency? This will make you see your stuff in new ways. Miller, D. 1995. Consumption and Commodities. Annu. Rev. Anthropol. (24) :141-161. Miller, B. 2005. Consumption and Exchange. In Cultural Anthropology. Boston: Pearson: 79-103. Kopytoff, I. 1986. The cultural biography of things: commoditization as process. In A. Appadurai (ed.) The Social Life of Things: commodities in cultural perspective. Cambridge: CUP: 64-91.|
|10||Medicine, public health and anthropology Obesity, smoking, drinking, -- all the good stuff||Questions and Readings What insights can anthropology make into public health? What assumptions are made about the agent? Keane, H. 2009. Intoxication, harm and pleasure: an analysis of the Australian National Alcohol Strategy. Critical Public Health 19(2): 135-142. Warin, M. 2003. Miasmatic calories and saturating fats: fear of contamination in anorexia. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry (27):77-93. Kohrman, M., & P. Benson 2011. Tobacco. Annual Review of Anthropology (40): 329-344. Dennis, S. 2013. Golden Chocolate Olives tobacco packaging meets the smoker you thought you knew: the rational agent and new cigarette packaging legislation in Australia. Contemporary Drug Problems (40): 71-97.|
|11||Power and institutions and….sex! The university, institutions and our sexual lives Agency and culture , self and other Do individuals matter? Structure or agency||Questions and Readings Bring along your experiences of being in high school to this class! We’ll examine them to see what evidence there is that institutions shape the conditions of life – even our intimate lives. We’ll also put our experiences at university under scrutiny – what kind of power is exerted here? Do you notice it? Do you notice it now? Is there any room for the individual??? Miller, D. 2009. Individuals and the Aesthetic of Order. In Anthropology and the Individual: a Material Culture perspective. Oxford: Berg. 3-24. Craciun, M. 2009. Trading in Fake Brands , self-creating as an individual. In Miller, D (ed.) Anthropology and the Individual: a Material Culture perspective. Oxford: Berg. 25-36. Rapport, N. 2011. The Liberal Treatment of Difference: An Untimely Meditation on Culture and Civilization. Current Anthropology, Vol. 52, No. 5 pp. 687-710. Please pay particular attention to the lecture on Bourdieu and Foucault as we’ll be contrasting the readings we have today against these ideas|
|12||Wrap up||Let's recap|
|Assessment task||Value||Learning Outcomes|
|Taking Fieldnotes (1500 words)||20 %||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|Kinship diagram +1000 words||30 %||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|Final essay (2000 words)||40 %||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|Participation||10 %||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
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Moderation of Assessment
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Participation is worth 10% of your grade. This class will include a lecture and a podcast. In the first weeks of the course, I'll be asking you if you'd like to be my guest on the podcast. The first few won't have guests -- they're more to give you a heads up about key ideas -- but after that, they will. Small groups of guests will discuss the tutorial question and readings. Your discussions here, and your responses to what other guests say when it's their turn to be on the podcast (which you'll email to me) constitute your participation. You need to respond to 5 podcasts. Your responses should be around half a page. What I want here is your take on and reactions to what me and my guests talked about , and about how our discussion related to the reading you yourself engaged in that week. If you don't want to be a guest, that's ok too. Instead of participating as my guest, you'll be able to write to me about what your thoughts and ideas would have been in an email that is between half and one page long, as well as the 5 response pieces. Alternatively, we can speak on the phone, or you can record a video or audio piece -- anything that lets me get an insight into what your thoughts are about the topics we're discussing. Here's something to know about readings: there are loads listed for each week. You do not have to do them all! Pick readings you have a strong response to, and talk to me and your class colleagues about those. The rest are there for you to delve into if you really get into a topic. There's loads because I'd like you to be able to have a choice about what you read. You're welcome to read other things, too, but it's a good idea to check with me that they're legit pieces that are focused on what we're thinking and talking about for that week.
None of those!
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Taking Fieldnotes (1500 words)
Due date: for details of due dates and return dates for each assessment, please refer to the Wattle site.
Length: 1500 words + your example fieldnotes
What do we want you to do for assessment item 1?
For item 1, taking fieldnotes, you have to choose a public context (like a café, a supermarket, a mall, a sports match, a park, lunchtime at the student union, a library -- any public context that would not be hard for you to be in and stay reasonably inconspicuous. Take a notebook and pen with you. Stay there for at least 30 minutes, put the date and time at the top, and start recording what you observe. Fieldnotes are a cornerstone method of anthropology, and we all do it in our practice. The idea is to get a sense of ordinary activity, but anthropologists are always trying to get beyond the surface, to the things that might organise or underpin the ordinary, and we use those things to build analysis. The first thing we want you to do is to take the fieldnotes. Hand those in however you took them – messy, scrappy, on the back of a serviette – however they got taken.
The next thing we want you to do is tell us the process – where you went, how long you stayed, who was there.
The next thing we want to see is notes on the difference between taking fieldnotes and just observing as you would if you were just being part of the scene.
The next thing we want to see is a comment on what themes and ideas you would want to develop if you were using these fieldnotes to check out a social practice you were interested in researching.
The last part of the assessment piece is for you to relate these fieldnotes to what you learned about taking fieldnotes in our lecture on that topic, which falls in week 3.
Below, you will find an example of this assessment piece that I made to show you how this might be done. You should focus on the things that stick out to you – good things to keep in mind might be gender, the use of space, how time impacts activity, and so on. You should feel free to come and chat to us about the fieldnotes you have taken if you are unsure about what is interesting about them. You can choose from a host of sites -- some students in the past have taken fieldnotes in nightclubs and have noticed that while such spaces do not explicitly say so, they are designed to exclude some people – such as older people, for instance. Please do not ask people in the space any questions – this exercise is based strictly on your own observations, as we do not have ethics clearance for anything further. Also, please do not take photographs or videos of people.
Fieldnotes by Simone Dennis
Taken 25 March 2013, Café no-name, Bungendore, NSW
Notes on the process
On Sunday 25 March, I took some fieldnotes at a local café in Bungendore, NSW. It was a sunny day and there were a lot of people milling about and eating and drinking outside. I took my fieldnotes during the busy lunchtime rush. I estimate that there were around 50 people in the café, organized into about 8 groups – mostly fours and fives, comprising two or more adults and kids. The crowd seemed to be made up of families, in the main, although there were some groups that were made up of adults likely in their 60s.
I went to the café alone – I was the only person seated alone. It was difficult to find an appropriate spot, as I was aware that the seating was arranged to encourage group clusters, and I didn’t want to take up a whole table of five and put people out. I managed to find a setting for two and got out my notebook and pen. I took notes for about 30 minutes, which seemed to be the average time people stayed in the café.
Difference between taking fieldnotes and other kinds of taking note
For me, the main difference between taking fieldnotes and doing non-anthropological observation had to do with: (1) the kinds of things I noticed and how I responded to them; and (2) the conspicuousness of my position. In respect of (1), I found myself really trying very hard to notice things that I probably would not usually, such as how many groups were in the café and their constitution, how many adults, how many kids, and so on. I was glad I was alone, because noticing all of that detail was actually quite demanding, and I don’t think I would have been able to maintain a sociality with someone else. This, I think, led to (2); I was so conscious that I was noticing everything that it made me feel like people could tell I was focusing on them (not least because I was writing it down). I felt pretty uncomfortable doing that. I wanted to appear as though I was doing something unrelated, like writing a letter or perhaps being a journo meeting a deadline while having a coffee, but I don’t think I managed to pull off either of those performances!
Themes and ideas I’d develop
During the time I took notes, I focused on a few different things, but two main things. First of all, I noticed that some of the people at the café were smokers. They didn’t smoke in the café’s outdoor eating area; rather, they moved off to the side of the road and lit up their cigarettes there. During the time I was there, seven people smoked; 5 were men and one was a woman. The woman appeared to be in her twenties, and the men seemed older – 40s to 50s. The five men who smoked all came from the same group of people, but they didn’t all smoke at once; first, 2 left the café area to smoke, then they were joined by a third; then the first two sat back down at their table and the two remaining men came up. I think it had to do with when each had finished eating. The woman was sitting with a friend who had a baby with her. She kept waving the smoke away from the direction of the café with her hand, and kept mouthing ‘sorry’ to her friend every time that the smoke blew back towards the café.
If I was doing this research in earnest, I’d be really interested in asking the smokers about what they thought was sufficient distance to keep from the café as they smoked, especially in light of legislative developments that have attempted to keep smoke out of areas attended by the public, and in light of the increasingly moral tone taken towards smokers in the outdoors.
The second thing I focused on was peoples’ reactions to their food. I saw one man send back his meal, and I was seated close enough to hear what he said to the waiter. He told the waiter that his pasta was overcooked and did not have ‘that beautiful al dente bite to it’ when he took a mouthful. His table mates obviously recognized something familiar about his use of those words, and thereafter teased him about being a ‘foodie’. One called him ‘Manu’; that’s the name of a TV chef from the popular channel 7 show called My Kitchen Rules. I thought this was pretty interesting. I started to wonder what kinds of education these programs might offer to people that they might press into service as they patronized cafes. I think ideas about food are related to class, and operationalised in this way, too, but I began to wonder about the availability of this knowledge to those beyond the middle classes, and perhaps about what else a person might need to pull off a performance of knowledge about food and ‘foodiness’. I wondered how the staff of the café might respond to such a performance, too. I’d really want to chase those things up a lot more if I had the chance to do this research for real.
My own positionedness as I took the notes
My own positionedness as a middle class woman with certain views on ‘good’ food, money, value for money, and food knowledge (not least because there is a restaurant in my family, and a few chefs) might be important to consider if I was going to look into food and class, and my position as a former smoker might impact on my first theme in particular ways if I was to study either further. But, on the day, I think that being a middle class ‘foodie’ and a former smoker were factors that influenced me notice the things I did end up focusing on. Also, perhaps my position as a woman with a notebook made me less threatening than a man taking notes on his own, but I’m not sure, really, about that. My physical position I think was important; where I sat in the café allowed me to notice and observe certain things, and not others; while I could directly observe smokers at the edge of café from where I sat outdoors, I could not observe how the waiter went back to the kitchen with the offending pasta to tell the chef about its texture, or how the chef responded – and that would have been interesting to see and hear. Perhaps if I had taken a seat closer to the kitchen, I would have seen a lot more of wait staff-chef interactions, or interactions between chef and other members of the kitchen. As the cash register is also inside, I might also have gotten to hear and see some feedback being given on the food and its value for money as people paid their bills.
How the notes related to lecture from week 3
In lecture three, which dealt with the production of fieldnotes, we learned how fieldnotes are texts and memory aids, made for an audience of one. My fieldnotes were pretty scrappy looking (see attached) and would really only make sense to me. I found that when I came home to write this piece up and reread my notes, a lot of information was not in them – even though I wrote solidly in my notebook for over half an hour. Things like the smells of the food, the feeling of sitting in the sun outside and the discomfort of taking notes when I thought people might be watching me were things that did not make it into writing, so in this sense my fieldnotes are not a complete reflection of my experiences. These things came out as headnotes – and I think these would probably be important if I was to follow up the second theme, about food, as aroma and atmosphere are probably part of the class experience of food and eating.
In lecture 3, we also learned about how the field is a construct. This was pretty obvious to me once I got to the café and pulled out my fieldnote book – it was only a field to me, and not to the other patrons in the place – this was very much an imaginary I had created and could operate in very particularly.
In lecture 3, we heard about Mead’s practice, of ‘repairing speech’, so that what her informants told her became elaborated and fulsome in Mead’s notes. While I did not find myself doing that when I recorded what the man who had ordered the pasta said to the waiter, I think I would have to be careful not to do it if I was looking at class performance around food. Language and how it is used is an indicator of class, and I could ruin information by imposing my own ways of using words onto informants’ language.
If you decided to analyse a public event or rite of passage, you will need to do 2 things: first, give us a brief description of the public event or rite of passage (using the definition I will provide in the lecture) and second, explain how this event or rite of passage relates to what you learned in the lecture in week and the related readings.
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Kinship diagram +1000 words
Assessment Task 2
Length: 1500 words + your example kinship diagram
Name of Assessment Task: Kinship Diagram and Interpretation
What do we want you to do for assessment item 2?
For this item, we want you to produce a kinship diagram that we will show you how to produce in weeks 3-4. Do this one a friend or family member, or with someone from your class. Choose a focus for this – it could be education in the family, health and illness, career patterns, religion, migration, ethnicity, or combinations of these things. Then, we want you to tell us what kinds of questions you would want to then explore, from what the person was able to tell you about that topic as it relates to their family. For instance, if you were looking at education and ethnicity, which we will be looking at in our example in the lecture, you might be interested in chasing up how western education models interact or disturb practices of specific cultural education. If you were looking at education and gender, you might be interested in examining how women’s participation has changed over generations. If you were looking at a family who had a strong presence of the BRAC1 breast cancer gene, you might be fascinated by how people make decisions about removal of breasts and ovaries as a preventative measure by recourse to their own family histories that might play just as important a role as the medical information people get.
Assessment Task 3
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Final essay (2000 words)
Assessment Task 3
Length: 2000 words
Name of Assessment Task: Final Essay -- a final short essay on anthropology's value in the contemporary world
What do we want you to do for assessment item 3?
Write an essay on one of the following questions:
1. Do anthropologists rely too much on culture as an explanation? Take on Nigel Rapport on your answer.
2. Why is it important for anthropologists to do fieldwork? Explain what makes ethnographic fieldwork the basis of anthropology.
3. Are ethnography and anthropology synonymous? Explain why you think so or not.
4. Of what worth is anthropology to the contemporary world? Give examples in your answer.
Assessment Task 4
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Academic integrity is a core part of our culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically. This means that all members of the community commit to honest and responsible scholarly practice and to upholding these values with respect and fairness. The Australian National University commits to embedding the values of academic integrity in our teaching and learning. We ensure that all members of our community understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with. The University has policies and procedures in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Visit the following Academic honesty & plagiarism website for more information about academic integrity and what the ANU considers academic misconduct. The ANU offers a number of services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. The Academic Skills and Learning Centre offers a number of workshops and seminars that you may find useful for your studies.
You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) as submission must be through Turnitin.
For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.
Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.
I really don't like making things due at, for example, 5 pm on a Friday -- or any day. We'll be mature adults about this and have a submission period for each assignment. I'll give you full details about this when we meet up for the first time. Basically, a submission period allows you to submit your piece at any time during that period, allowing you to juggle your other commitments (other courses, family, work, down time, etc.) This doesn't mean you can't get an extension. For most people, though, having a longer period of time to get things in means more capacity to do good time management.
Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.
Your assignments are usually returned to you around 2 weeks after you handed them in. This can vary a little bit.
You should also know that I encourage you to discuss your assignment and how it's going with me as you're doing it. We'll have special drop in sessions on zoom that let you ask all sorts of questions about your piece, and you can get direct help from me there -- and sometimes from your classmates, too. You should also ring me up or email me if you'd rather chat through your piece just with me.
Extensions and Penalties
Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. The Course Convener may grant extensions for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.
Resubmission of Assignments
Distribution of grades policy
Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.
Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.
Support for students
The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).
- ANU Health, safety & wellbeing for medical services, counselling, mental health and spiritual support
- ANU Diversity and inclusion for students with a disability or ongoing or chronic illness
- ANU Dean of Students for confidential, impartial advice and help to resolve problems between students and the academic or administrative areas of the University
- ANU Academic Skills and Learning Centre supports you make your own decisions about how you learn and manage your workload.
- ANU Counselling Centre promotes, supports and enhances mental health and wellbeing within the University student community.
- ANUSA supports and represents undergraduate and ANU College students
- PARSA supports and represents postgraduate and research students