• Class Number 3639
  • Term Code 3140
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In Person
    • Prof Samantha Bennett
    • Prof Samantha Bennett
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 21/06/2021
  • Class End Date 28/06/2021
  • Census Date 25/06/2021
  • Last Date to Enrol 21/06/2021
SELT Survey Results

This course, run in partnership with the School of Music and National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA), utilises both ANU School of Music facilities and specialist locations and equipment at the NFSA, to equip student with the theoretical and practical underpinning of audio preservation. Using the School of Music’s own tape archive of performances, recitals and events as source material, students will prepare these recordings as digital files for an open source, publicly accessible database.
This course will introduce students to sound archiving, and explore the historical, philosophical and ethical implications of audio archiving, as well as preservation needs assessment and planning. Students will tour the NFSA , and the School of Music’s tape collection, and have the opportunity to gain hands-on, practical experience of equipment and processes such as analogue tape recorders and magnetic tape; tape machine technology and operation; the handling of tape, tape deterioration, maintenance and restoration techniques; the practicalities of digitisation: preparation, recording, software, editing, file creation, and metadata management and storage.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

Upon successful completion of this course, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

1. Articulate historical, philosophical, professional and ethical principles of audio archiving from several theoretical perspectives

2. Identify technical features of magnetic tape recorders, magnetic tape and communicate common preservation challenges

3. Conduct a comprehensive preservation needs assessments on audio artefacts

4. Operate magnetic tape recorders and historical magnetic tape recordings proficiently and professionally

5. Collate accurate audio content descriptions and meta-data information as part of the digitisation process.

Field Trips

National Film and Sound Archive - Main building

National Film and Sound Archive - Mitchell

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:

  • written comments
  • verbal comments
  • feedback to whole class, groups, individuals, focus group etc

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 Day 5 / Sessions 1 - 4 - Digitisation practicals School of Music - lab
2 Day 6 / Sessions 1 - 4 - Digitisation exams Sound Archiving Exams (by appointment)
3 Day 4 / Session 3 & 4 - Digitisation practicals School of Music - lab
4 Day 2 / Session 4 - School of Music preservation needs School of Music

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Due Date Return of assessment Learning Outcomes
Sound Archiving Exam 50 % 28/06/2021 05/07/2021 2, 4, 5
Log Book 10 % 02/07/2021 05/07/2021 2, 3, 4
Research Essay 40 % 30/07/2021 06/08/2021 1

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Integrity . In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.

Assessment Task 1

Value: 50 %
Due Date: 28/06/2021
Return of Assessment: 05/07/2021
Learning Outcomes: 2, 4, 5

Sound Archiving Exam

Students will execute the full Sound Archiving process in an individual, practical examination involving the following stages:

-       Digitise an audio tape from the School of Music Sound Archive

-       Describe the content accurately

-       Communicate the condition of the tape

-       Clean the analogue tape machine correctly

-       Load the tape onto an analogue tape machine correctly

-       Check levels into Pro Tools

-       Digitally capture the tape recording at 24bit / 48KHz

-       Create a hi-res .mp3 file from the digital recording

-       Name and store the files correctly

-       Upload the hi-res .mp3 into the OCCAMS database, entering relevant metadata

Assessment Task 2

Value: 10 %
Due Date: 02/07/2021
Return of Assessment: 05/07/2021
Learning Outcomes: 2, 3, 4

Log Book

Students must individually document a full sound archiving project process in a detailed log book. This may be a document of either an in-class practical or examination process.

The log book must contain evidence of:

• Planning: The tape collection, choosing a tape, issues to be aware of

• Execution: The digitization process: choice of tape, analysis of tape contents, condition of tape, tape machine set-up, Pro Tools capture, file storage, OCCAMS upload

• Reflection: The results, what worked/ did not work, any unexpected results

Assessment Task 3

Value: 40 %
Due Date: 30/07/2021
Return of Assessment: 06/08/2021
Learning Outcomes: 1

Research Essay

Students will research then complete an individually negotiated research essay on a chosen sound archiving related topic.

Examples of acceptable topics include, but are by no means limited to:

Indigenous sound recordings, oral histories and archiving

Digital formats: artefacts (CD, DVD-Audio, SACD, DAT) or lossy/ lossless codecs (MP3, ATRAC, AAC, WAV, AIFF, WMA, ALAC)

Files and storage, future implications

Analogue formats: cylinders, tape, cassette, vinyl

Database systems

Sound archiving history

Archives from around the world

Sound archiving and ethics



Public accessibility

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically, committing to honest and responsible scholarly practice and upholding these values with respect and fairness.

The ANU commits to assisting all members of our community to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle and Academic Misconduct Rule, uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with.

The Academic Misconduct Rule is in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Very minor breaches of the academic integrity principle may result in a reduction of marks of up to 10% of the total marks available for the assessment. The ANU offers a number of online and in person services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. Visit the Academic Skills website for more information about academic integrity, your responsibilities and for assistance with your assignments, writing skills and study.

Online Submission

You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:

  • Late submission not permitted. If submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date is not permitted, a mark of 0 will be awarded.
  • Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information.
In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service – including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy.
If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.

Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).

Prof Samantha Bennett

Research Interests

music technology, sound recording, STS, popular music

Prof Samantha Bennett

Monday 17:00 18:00
Monday 17:00 18:00
Prof Samantha Bennett

Research Interests

Prof Samantha Bennett

Monday 17:00 18:00
Monday 17:00 18:00

Responsible Officer: Registrar, Student Administration / Page Contact: Website Administrator / Frequently Asked Questions