• Class Number 6393
  • Term Code 3160
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In Person
    • Callum Shakespeare
    • Andy Hogg
    • Callum Shakespeare
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 26/07/2021
  • Class End Date 29/10/2021
  • Census Date 14/09/2021
  • Last Date to Enrol 02/08/2021
SELT Survey Results

Climate change has been identified as one of the biggest challenges facing humankind. The goal of this course is to provide students with the scientific principles and empirical evidence that underpin the modern understanding of anthropogenic climate change. We will develop a quantitative understanding of the fundamental physics (radiation and surface energy balance, dynamics) governing the Earth System. We will examine the synthesis of climate observations to discern current global trends and investigate past climates. In particular, we will analyse uncertainties in the current predictions and outline ways in which the scientific community is moving to refine these predictions. Key components of the course will be informed using insights from ongoing research within the ARC Centre of Excellence in Climate Extremes.

Note: Graduate students in this course attend joint classes with undergraduates but are assessed separately.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

  1. Apply fundamental physics to the theory of global warming;
  2. Describe the historical development of the scientific underpinnings of the theory of global warming;
  3. Explain current constraints on (i) our understanding of climate change, (ii) climate observations and (iii) climate models;
  4. Evaluate the uncertainties in climate predictions;
  5. Discuss and evaluate the accuracy of public statements on climate change in the popular press.

Recommended student system requirements 

ANU courses commonly use a number of online resources and activities including:

  • video material, similar to YouTube, for lectures and other instruction
  • two-way video conferencing for interactive learning
  • email and other messaging tools for communication
  • interactive web apps for formative and collaborative activities
  • print and photo/scan for handwritten work
  • home-based assessment.

To fully participate in ANU learning, students need:

  • A computer or laptop. Mobile devices may work well but in some situations a computer/laptop may be more appropriate.
  • Webcam
  • Speakers and a microphone (e.g. headset)
  • Reliable, stable internet connection. Broadband recommended. If using a mobile network or wi-fi then check performance is adequate.
  • Suitable location with minimal interruptions and adequate privacy for classes and assessments.
  • Printing, and photo/scanning equipment

For more information please see https://www.anu.edu.au/students/systems/recommended-student-system-requirements

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:

  • written comments
  • verbal comments
  • feedback to whole class, groups, individuals, focus group etc

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 Introduction to the course (ALL) Blackbody radiation (Hogg) No Lab Tutorial
2 Radiative balance of a planet (Hogg) Ice-albedo feedback (Hogg) Lab 0: Introduction to Python (not assessable) Tutorial
3 The greenhouse effect (Hogg) The ozone layer and the stratosphere (Hogg) Lab 1: Ice-albedo feedback Tutorial
4 Ideal gases (Shakespeare) Atmospheric thermodynamics (Shakespeare) Lab 2: Atmospheric structure Tutorial
5 Lapse rates and stability (Shakespeare) Phase changes (Shakespeare) Lab 2: Atmospheric structure Tutorial
6 Climate sensitivity (Shakespeare) No Lab Tutorial Major assignment (due 27/9)
7 Intro. to the surface energy balance (Shakespeare) Surface energy balance & the water cycle (Shakespeare) Lab 3: Surface energy balance Tutorial
8 Geoengineering (Shakespeare) Climate observations and reanalysis (Shakespeare) Lab 3: Surface energy balance Tutorial
9 Latitudinal variation of solar radiation (Shakespeare) Thermal inertia (Shakespeare) Lab 4: Climate observations Tutorial
10 Meridional heat transport (Shakespeare) Numerical implementation of equations (Shakespeare) Lab 4: Climate observations Tutorial
11 Climate models (Shakespeare) Lab 5: Build your own climate model Tutorial:
12 Intro. to ocean sea level (Shakespeare) Intro. to melting ice sheets (Shakespeare) Lab 5: Build your own climate model Tutorial:

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Due Date Return of assessment Learning Outcomes
Computer Labs 35 % * * 1,3
Tutorials 15 % * * 1,2,3,4,5
Major Assignment (1 of 2) 20 % 27/09/2021 11/10/2021 3,4,5
Major Assignment (2 of 2) 25 % 04/11/2021 07/12/2020 1,2,3,4,5
Online quizzes 5 % * * 1,2,3,4,5

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Integrity . In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.


Participation in this course requires as a minimum:

  • viewing video lecture content and completing online quizzes
  • attendance at tutorials and submission of tutorial worksheets
  • submission of laboratory reports
  • submission of the 2 major assignments

This level of participation can be expected to amount to around 12 hours of work each week.

To take full advantage of this course you will also find it helpful to:

  • read the specified sections of the textbook
  • find and read other material related to the course
  • ask questions during the tutorials

Assessment Task 1

Value: 35 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,3

Computer Labs

Computer labs are designed to help you understand climate science using data analysis and computer models. You will have two lab sessions to complete the exercises, and then must write a report for each lab. Labs will use the PYTHON language and you are welcome to use your own computer.

It is intended that the marked reports will be returned within 1 week after submission. Further details can be found on the Course Wattle site.

Assessment Task 2

Value: 15 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5


Each week we will run a tutorial requiring participation in group discussions and submission of a worksheet. From week 2 the worksheets will be marked and will contribute towards the final grade.

Students are expected to contribute on an on-going basis throughout the semester.

Assessment Task 3

Value: 20 %
Due Date: 27/09/2021
Return of Assessment: 11/10/2021
Learning Outcomes: 3,4,5

Major Assignment (1 of 2)

You will be asked to research (with reference to the published literature) and address a question of significance to the public "debate" on climate science in less than 1500 words.

Assessment Task 4

Value: 25 %
Due Date: 04/11/2021
Return of Assessment: 07/12/2020
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5

Major Assignment (2 of 2)

You will be asked to propose a research topic related to the climate system that involves some form of original research/modelling/data analysis. For example, you might choose to use publicly available data (e.g. from the Bureau of Meteorology) to investigate changes in rainfall in a particular part of Australia over past decades, and using this trend, project rainfall into the future.

Assessment Task 5

Value: 5 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5

Online quizzes

After viewing online lecture video content you will be asked some basic questions to test your comprehension of the material. Your answers will be recorded and marked.

Students are expected to contribute on an on-going basis throughout the semester. Further details can be found on the Course Wattle site.

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically, committing to honest and responsible scholarly practice and upholding these values with respect and fairness.

The ANU commits to assisting all members of our community to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle and Academic Misconduct Rule, uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with.

The Academic Misconduct Rule is in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Very minor breaches of the academic integrity principle may result in a reduction of marks of up to 10% of the total marks available for the assessment. The ANU offers a number of online and in person services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. Visit the Academic Skills website for more information about academic integrity, your responsibilities and for assistance with your assignments, writing skills and study.

Online Submission

You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:

  • Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.

Returning Assignments

Assessments will be returned on Wattle.

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Resubmission of Assignments

No re-submission permitted.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information.
In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service – including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy.
If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.

Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).

Callum Shakespeare

Research Interests

Callum Shakespeare

Andy Hogg
6125 9962

Research Interests

Andy Hogg

Callum Shakespeare
6125 9958

Research Interests

Callum Shakespeare

Responsible Officer: Registrar, Student Administration / Page Contact: Website Administrator / Frequently Asked Questions