• Class Number 7283
  • Term Code 3260
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In-Person and Online
    • Dr Eve Warburton
    • Dr Eve Warburton
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 25/07/2022
  • Class End Date 28/10/2022
  • Census Date 31/08/2022
  • Last Date to Enrol 01/08/2022
SELT Survey Results

This course focuses on political and social developments in Indonesia  since 1945.  It summarises the major political events and figures of  the post-independence period before examining specific themes such as  the role of the military, Islamic movements, the state Pancasila  ideology, criminality and violence, gender, foreign policy and the  position of minorities.  Discussion of different scholarly  interpretations of these events and themes will form a major part of the  course.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

1. Demonstrate a strong grasp of the main events, issues figures and organisations that have shaped Indonesian political and social life post independence. 

2. Understand the major scholarly approaches to the study of Indonesia. 

3. Critically engage with primary and secondary source materials.

Research-Led Teaching

My research is concerned broadly with problems of representation and governance in young and developing democracies, with a focus on Southeast Asia and Indonesia in particular. Course content draws directly on my two decades of experience working, living, and conducting research in Indonesia.

Field Trips


Additional Course Costs


Examination Material or equipment

Take home examination. No special materials required.

Required Resources

None. All mandatory readings and numerous supplementary readings are posted on Wattle.

Below is a list of useful books on Indonesia, all of which are available from the library. Students who are keenly interested in Indonesia or envisaging more serious study of the country might consider purchasing some of these works but there is no necessity to do so.

Ricklefs, M. C., A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200 (4th edn), Palgrave, London, 2009.  (This is a reliable and historically comprehensive reference work, though narratively dense).

Cribb, Robert, and Colin Brown, Modern Indonesia: A History since 1945, Longman, Harlow, 1996. (An excellent and very accessible account of Indonesia's pre-Reformasi history.)

Pisani, Elizabeth, Indonesia Etc. Exploring the Improbable Nation, WW Norton & Company, New York, 2014.  (This book is a vivid and very readable account of contemporary politics, society and culture.) 

Cribb, Robert and Audrey Kahin, Historical Dictionary of Indonesia (2ndedn), The Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, 2004.

Cribb, Robert, Historical Atlas of Indonesia, Curzon, Richmond, 2000.

Elson, R. E., The Idea of Indonesia: A History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008

The following online resources may also prove to be useful:

The Jakarta Post: http://www.thejakartapost.com

New Mandala: http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/category/indonesia-politics/

Inside Indonesia: http://www.insideindonesia.org

Indonesia at Melbourne: http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au

Tempo: http://www.tempo.co.id (available in both English and Indonesian through the ANU library online)

Kompas Online: http://www.kompas.com (The most respected and best established newspaper. It has selected articles available in English but largely in Indonesian.)

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
  • Written comments
  • Verbal comments
  • Feedback to the whole class, to groups, to individuals, focus groups

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 Introduction to course and overview of Indonesia Eve Warburton
2 Dutch Colonialism, Japanese Occupation and the 1945-49 Revolution Guest Lecture: Robert Cribb
3 Sukarno, Parliamentary and Guided Democracy and the 1965 Coup Eve Warburton
4 Suharto's New Order: Sustaining Autocracy Eve Warburton
5 Democracy Returns: Reformasi and Regime Change Eve Warburton
6 Islamic Politics Guest Lecture: Greg Fealy
7 Gender and Women Guest Lecture: Sally White
8 Regional Autonomy, Rebellion and Ethnic Conflict Guest Lecture: Edward Aspinall
9 Minority Rights and Intolerance Guest Lecture: Greg Fealy
10 The Military and Politics Guest Lecture Marcus Mietzner
11 Indonesia's Political Economy: Corruption, Clientelism and Oligarchs Eve Warburton
12 1. Indonesia's Foreign Policy 2. Reflections on Indonesian Democracy & Exam Preparation Eve Warburton

Tutorial Registration

Register for tutorials via Wattle

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Due Date Return of assessment Learning Outcomes
A Snapshot of Indonesian Life (15%) 15 % 26/07/2021 26/08/2021 1,2,4
Presentation Outline Meeting (5%) 5 % * * 2,3,4
Tutorial Presentation (20%) 20 % * * 2,3,4
Main Essay (30%) 30 % 07/10/2021 18/10/2021 2,3,4
Take-Home Examination (30%) 30 % 11/11/2021 * 2,3,4

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website Students may choose not to submit assessment items through Turnitin. In this instance you will be required to submit, alongside the assessment item itself, hard copies of all references included in the assessment item.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.


Details given above (assessment 1)


Details given above (assessment 5)

Assessment Task 1

Value: 15 %
Due Date: 26/07/2021
Return of Assessment: 26/08/2021
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,4

A Snapshot of Indonesian Life (15%)

Students will be asked to write a short essay (800 words) on one aspect of contemporary Indonesian society or politics. A list of potential topics will be posted on Wattle at the start of the course, but students can nominate their own topics if they wish. The essay should provide a brief context to the topic before discussing recent controversies and what these might tell us about Indonesian society and values. The Snapshot essay is due by 23:55, Friday, 26 August 2022.

Assessment Task 2

Value: 5 %
Learning Outcomes: 2,3,4

Presentation Outline Meeting (5%)

In the week prior to students' tutorial presentations, they will be required to submit a draft outline of their tutorial presentation and schedule a time with me for a 10-minute discussion regarding their draft. Students planning to use powerpoint are welcome to submit their slides for discussion. The purpose of the outline meeting is to assist students in preparing and refining their presentations.

Assessment Task 3

Value: 20 %
Learning Outcomes: 2,3,4

Tutorial Presentation (20%)

Each student will be required to give one tutorial presentation during the course of the semester, focusing on the topic being discussed in the week they present. Students can nominate their preferred tutorial topic during the first tutorial. Each presentation should last no longer than 8 minutes. Students may choose to present an overview of the week’s subject matter, or may choose to focus on a particularly important debate, issue or concept arising from the week’s readings. It is important that students present some critical or conceptual analysis of the subject on which they are presenting, rather than simply summarising events or personalities.

The presentation will be followed by an in-class group discussion of around 10 minutes, which is led by the presenter. Presenters should prepare a one-page summary for other students listing key points, questions and arguments to be considered during the group discussion. The page should be distributed digitally the evening prior to the presentation, so that the class can read the summary in advance and prepare questions for the Q&A. We expect presenters to have read both mandatory readings AND several recommended readings. Both the oral and written aspects of the presentation will be assessed.

Reminder: There are three parts to this assessment. The first part of the assessment is written, in the form of a single-page summary to be digitally distributed to the group ahead of the presentation. The oral element of this assessment item is comprised of two further parts: a presentation to the class, and a presenter-led group discussion. The total time allocated for these will be 20 minutes.


(1) The presentation should be concerned with how and why questions, rather than who/what/where/ when. In other words, focus more on analysis than on narrative.

(2) Be selective regarding the information that you put on the one-page summary. Rather than fill the page with details, concentrate on key points or pivotal items of information.

(3) I encourage students to use a PowerPoint slideshow during their presentation.

Assessment Task 4

Value: 30 %
Due Date: 07/10/2021
Return of Assessment: 18/10/2021
Learning Outcomes: 2,3,4

Main Essay (30%)

The main essay is 2000 words and provides an opportunity for you to explore more deeply a topic of your choice. Students must choose a different topic for the main essay to that on which they gave their tutorial presentation. A list of possible questions is given below, but students who wish to do so are welcome to devise their own questions in consultation with either Greg or Ray. The essays must be submitted via Turnitin (Wattle) by 23:55 on Friday, 14 October 2022.

Possible essay questions:

  • Were the Japanese liberators or oppressors during the Occupation period, 1942-1945?
  • ‘Ideology is dead in Indonesia’. Discuss with reference to Pancasila, nationalism and Islam.
  • Indonesia's transition to democracy came about primarily because Soeharto lost the support of elites. Do you agree?
  • The Chinese in Indonesia have been described as a ‘pariah minority’. Does this term accurately reflect their role in politics and the economy?
  • What does the emergence of extremist groups such as Jemaah Islamiyah, Laskar Jihad and the Islamic Defenders’ Front (FPI) since 1998 demonstrate about the character of Indonesian Islam and the broader democratic transition?
  • Why has corruption become so endemic in Indonesia and what are the obstacles to its elimination?
  • Democratic reform has ensured that the military are a spent force in Indonesia’s political landscape. Do you agree?
  • Political parties consolidate democracies (O’Donnell & Schmitter, 1986). Have contemporarypolitical parties seen significant institutional reform and development since the 1950s to ensure the future of Indonesian democracy?
  • Before becoming president, Jokowi was widely seen as a reformist but some analysts now argue he is a status-quo politician, like Suliso Bambang Yudhoyono. Which characterisation do you find more compelling and why?
  • ‘The relative peace and success of democratic elections in Aceh and Papua in recent years shows that regional autonomy, not centralisation, is the best way to prevent separatism in Indonesia.’Do you agree?
  • Why has democracy become entrenched in Indonesia over the past 20 years when it ‘failed’ in the 1950s?
  • What explains the volatility of Australian-Indonesian relations?

Tip: The tutorial reading lists provide many references relevant to answering these essay questions. Please contact me if you are having trouble locating sufficient material for your essays.

Criteria for assessing written work

Essay writing is an essential part of the learning process and a vital medium through which your understanding of a subject can be assessed. Good academic writing usually contains the following attributes:

Arguments supported by reference to secondary and, if possible, primary material

Adequate range of sources

Central question or issue clearly defined and answered

Discussion of key issues and relevance of narrative

Logical flow of ideas and arguments

Evidence of creative thought and articulation of own ideas

Conclusions supported by evidence and argument

Contains introduction and conclusion

Fluent and succinct writing

Accurate spelling, grammar and punctuation

Neat presentation

When preparing essays, students should use the above list as a guide. It is particularly important to engage critically with source materials. Do not accept without question the views or interpretations given in the works which you read. Use them rather as a means of finding your own way into the problem at hand.Your essays should be more than simply a report on other people’s views but instead you shoulddemonstrate your own understanding of the question or issue.

All written work is to be submitted in not less than a 12-point font and with 1.5 or double line spacing. Essays must be fully referenced, using footnotes and a bibliography, and be submitted with a cover sheet which records the word count.

Assessment Task 5

Value: 30 %
Due Date: 11/11/2021
Learning Outcomes: 2,3,4

Take-Home Examination (30%)

The final assessment for this course will be a take-home examination. It comprises two mandatory parts. Part One requires students to answer five short questions from a list of 10 on specific facts, terms or concepts relating to Indonesian history and politics. Part Two contains a list of nine questions, of which students can answer any two, except for questions on the same topic as their tutorial presentation or main essay. Exam questions will draw directly on lecture material and tutorial discussions, so regular attendance at both will be a distinct advantage. The maximum length of each answer to the Part Two questions is 1000 words.


(1) Do not assume that the take-home format makes revision redundant: students who do best on this assessment item are those who engage consistently throughout the course.

(2) Prepare ahead of time by taking notes and collecting ideas through the course of the semester.

(3) Start early: take some time to consider and draft your answers. Your submission should be of a higher standard than you would expect to produce during an in-class exam.

The Examination Questions will be posted on Wattle at 12.00 on Friday, 11 November 2022 and answers must be submitted by 23.55, Tuesday, 15 November 2022.

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of our culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically. This means that all members of the community commit to honest and responsible scholarly practice and to upholding these values with respect and fairness. The Australian National University commits to embedding the values of academic integrity in our teaching and learning. We ensure that all members of our community understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with. The University has policies and procedures in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Visit the following Academic honesty & plagiarism website for more information about academic integrity and what the ANU considers academic misconduct. The ANU offers a number of services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. The Academic Skills and Learning Centre offers a number of workshops and seminars that you may find useful for your studies.

Online Submission

The ANU uses Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. While the use of Turnitin is not mandatory, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.

Returning Assignments

Where possible, student work will be returned during tutorials, but where necessary, assessment can be returned by email or during a face-to-face meeting outside of tutorial sessions (appointments must be made prior to the meeting).

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure The Course Convener may grant extensions for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Resubmission of Assignments

Only in the most exceptional circumstances will students be permitted to resubmit an essay.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information. In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service — including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy. If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes. Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).
Dr Eve Warburton

Research Interests

Indonesian Politics; emerging democracies; political economy of policymaking; political representation

Dr Eve Warburton

Tuesday 12:00 14:00
Tuesday 12:00 14:00
Dr Eve Warburton

Research Interests

Dr Eve Warburton

Tuesday 12:00 14:00
Tuesday 12:00 14:00

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