• Class Number 7336
  • Term Code 3260
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In Person
    • Dr Lachlan Blackhall
    • Shubhankar Kapoor
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 25/07/2022
  • Class End Date 28/10/2022
  • Census Date 31/08/2022
  • Last Date to Enrol 01/08/2022
SELT Survey Results

In Engineering Design 4B: Systems Approaches for Operations, you will learn industry-relevant techniques to operate and innovate in a design project over the entire system life cycle, from problem conception through to project retirement. ED4B is the fifth course in the interdisciplinary engineering design core. The project in this course continues the project in ED4A Systems Approaches for Management, allowing you to design the management and operation processes in a significant project over two semesters.

During the early stages of the course, you will learn project operations techniques relevant for optimising outcomes in large-scale, complex engineering projects. This includes understanding legislative and statutory requirements of the professional engineer, including processes for compliance and due-diligence, and intellectual property considerations in a project, including commercial arrangements for sharing sensitive information. You will undertake independent study modules in a range of topics, including the commercial arrangements in profit and not-for-profit business models, workplace health and safety, lean start-up methodology, dealing with difficult stakeholders and change management in large organisations.

Design Project
The major project in this course will address a real-world engineering problem. You will continue your project from ED4A. You will be responsible for designing operational processes to improve the outcomes in an engineering design project. The project will deliver a design outcome, and you will justify this outcome through appropriate project documentation. Finally, you will further develop skills in critical reflection as a part of professional practice by connecting your experiences and learning in your project to engineering and research practice.

Engineering Design @ ANU
At ANU, students are challenged to think of engineering design at a systems-level. Over the degree, you will learn how engineering design can be used to make a positive impact on society through five domains: design, analysis, research, professional practice and teamwork. In ED4B, you will connect with your learning in your major, and develop skills required to innovate and optimise operations to deliver a design outcome.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

  1. Design and innovate within a program of work in an open-ended engineering project
  2. Research and apply technical knowledge to design opportunities in a competitive environment
  3. Justify appropriate operational decisions in the running of a complex engineering project
  4. Navigate the operational environment of an engineering design project in the real-world
  5. Leverage the dynamics of collaborative teams to solve complex problems within given deadline
  6. Uphold professional integrity and ethical behaviour in an innovation context
  7. Enhance and reflect on complex engineering projects through professional engineering review cycles

Research-Led Teaching

Examples, case studies and major projects are drawn from research across clusters within SoEn to demonstrate the range of research in SoEn and link to the diversity of majors and interests within the student cohort.

Examination Material or equipment

There is no exam in this course.

Whether you are on campus or studying remotely, there are a variety of online platforms you will use to participate in your study program. These could include videos for lectures and other instruction, two-way video conferencing for interactive learning, email and other messaging tools for communication, interactive web apps for formative and collaborative activities, print and/or photo/scan for handwritten work and drawings, and home-based assessment.

ANU outlines recommended student system requirements to ensure you are able to participate fully in your learning. Other information is also available about the various Learning Platforms you may use.

Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge V2.4

INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook 4th Edition

Introduction to Operations Research by Juraj Stacho

Operations Research: Theory and Practice by N.V.S. Raju

Introduction to Operations Research by Frederick S. Hillier and Gerald J. Lieberman

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:

  • written comments
  • verbal comments
  • feedback to whole class, groups, individuals, focus group etc

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). Feedback can also be provided to Course Conveners and teachers via the Student Experience of Learning & Teaching (SELT) feedback program. SELT surveys are confidential and also provide the Colleges and ANU Executive with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement.

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 Systems Engineering Operations: Review of Systems, Engineering Processes and Methods, ENGN3301 in context Operations Research: Overview, The role of Operations Research in Systems Engineering
2 Systems Engineering Operations: Where Systems come from (Strategy, Business planning, Lean Start-up) Operations Research: Linear Programming part 1 Weekly quiz
3 Systems Engineering Operations: Operating Context - Internal and external factors #1 Operations Research: Linear Programming part 2 Weekly quiz
4 Systems Engineering Operations: Operating Context - Internal and external factors #2 Operations Research: Transportation and Assignment Problems Weekly quiz
5 Systems Engineering Operations: Operating Context - Human Factors Operations Research: Network Optimisation Problems Weekly quiz
6 Systems Engineering Operations: Maintenance: Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Operations Research: Advanced topics in Operations Research Weekly quiz Operations Research Assignment due
7 Systems Engineering Operations: Optimisation: Optimising System Behaviour and Performance Major Project: Internal and External Operating Factors Weekly quiz
8 Systems Engineering Operations: Changes and Upgrades: Scheduled Changes and Recalls Major Project: Human Factors Weekly quiz Major Project Milestone #1 (Team Member Feedback and Evaluation Report )
9 Systems Engineering Operations: Changes and Upgrades: Unscheduled Changes and Recalls Major Project: Optimising System Performance Weekly quiz
10 Systems Engineering Operations: Retirement and Replacement: Recycling Major Project: Changes and Upgrades Weekly quiz Major Project Milestone #2 (Operational Risk Analysis)
11 Systems Engineering Operations: Retirement and Replacement: Repurposing and Second-Lifing Major Project: Retirement and Replacement Weekly quiz
12 Systems Engineering Operations: Retirement and Replacement: Disposal and Waste Management Major Project: In-class presentations Major Project in-class Presentation Major Project Report Major Project Milestone #3 (Team Member Feedback and Evaluation Report )
13 Exam Period Individual Reflection

Tutorial Registration

Students will register for two 2-hour workshops each week via MyTimetable.

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Learning Outcomes
Weekly Quizzes 20 % 2, 3
Operations Research Assignment 25 % 2, 3, 4
Major Project 40 % 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Individual Reflection 15 % 4, 6, 7

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines , which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Integrity Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Skills website. In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.


There is no exam in this subject.

Assessment Task 1

Value: 20 %
Learning Outcomes: 2, 3

Weekly Quizzes

Each week students will be expected to complete a short online quiz relating to the content of the weekly workshops. Quizzes will typically contain five - ten multiple

choice or short answer questions.

There will be 10 quizzes between weeks 2 and 11, each worth 2%.

The quiz will be in Wattle. They will open each Thursday and close prior to the start of the first workshop the following week.

Assessment Task 2

Value: 25 %
Learning Outcomes: 2, 3, 4

Operations Research Assignment

Students will complete an assignment worth 25% that will be based on the content covered in Workshop B (Operations Research).

This is an individual assignment, submitted via Wattle by 9am Friday of week 6.

Assessment Task 3

Value: 40 %
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Major Project

Over the course of the semester students will complete a major project worth 40% as a member of a group. The major project will allow students to undertake an in-depth

system engineering operations task. The major project will include individual tasks (10%) , a written report, and a presentation as follows:

• Milestone #1 Team Member Feedback and Evaluation Report - Individual 2%, submitted via a Wattle database, due 9am Friday week 8

• Milestone #2 - Operational Risk Analysis Individual 6%, submitted via Wattle, due 9am Friday week 10

• Milestone #3 - Team Member Feedback and Evaluation Report - Individual 2%, submitted via a Wattle database, due 9am Friday week 12

• Major Project Report - Group 20%, up to 20 page report submitted via Wattle, due 9am Friday week 12

• Major Project Presentation - Group 10%, a five minute in-class group presentation followed by a five minutes of question and answer session in the Workshop in week 12.

Assessment Task 4

Value: 15 %
Learning Outcomes: 4, 6, 7

Individual Reflection

A 1000 Word reflection will require students to reflect on what they have learned throughout the semester. This will be submitted via Wattle during the exam period.

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. The University’s students are an integral part of that community. The academic integrity principle commits all students to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support, academic integrity, and to uphold this commitment by behaving honestly, responsibly and ethically, and with respect and fairness, in scholarly practice.

The University expects all staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle, the Academic Integrity Rule 2021, the Policy: Student Academic Integrity and Procedure: Student Academic Integrity, and to uphold high standards of academic integrity to ensure the quality and value of our qualifications.

The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 is a legal document that the University uses to promote academic integrity, and manage breaches of the academic integrity principle. The Policy and Procedure support the Rule by outlining overarching principles, responsibilities and processes. The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 commences on 1 December 2021 and applies to courses commencing on or after that date, as well as to research conduct occurring on or after that date. Prior to this, the Academic Misconduct Rule 2015 applies.


The University commits to assisting all students to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. All coursework students must complete the online Academic Integrity Module (Epigeum), and Higher Degree Research (HDR) students are required to complete research integrity training. The Academic Integrity website provides information about services available to assist students with their assignments, examinations and other learning activities, as well as understanding and upholding academic integrity.

Online Submission

You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:

  • Late submission not permitted. If submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date is not permitted, a mark of 0 will be awarded. Late submissions will not be accepted for MILESTONE #1 AND #3, the Team Member Feedback and Evaluation Reports.
  • Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

The Academic Skills website has information to assist you with your writing and assessments. The website includes information about Academic Integrity including referencing requirements for different disciplines. There is also information on Plagiarism and different ways to use source material.

Returning Assignments

Assignment grades and feedback will be available via the Wattle gradebook within 10 days of submission.

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information.
In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service – including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy.
If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.

Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).

Dr Lachlan Blackhall

Research Interests

Professor Lachlan Blackhall is Entrepreneurial Fellow and Head, Battery Storage and Grid Integration Program at The Australian National University. His research interests relate to

the analysis, operation and optimisation of modern energy systems incorporating significant amounts of renewable and distributed energy generation and storage. In particular,

he is focussed on the importance of applying a socio-techno-economic approach to this work.

Dr Lachlan Blackhall

By Appointment
Shubhankar Kapoor

Research Interests

Shubhankar Kapoor

Responsible Officer: Registrar, Student Administration / Page Contact: Website Administrator / Frequently Asked Questions