- Code ASIA6042
- Unit Value 6 units
- Offered by School of Culture History and Language
- ANU College ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
- Course subject Asian Studies
- Areas of interest History, Asian Studies, Asia Pacific Studies
For most of human history in Asia, the end of military and civil conflict was followed only by a renegotiation of the balance of power between the antagonists, and by the division of spoils among the victors. In the middle of the 20th century, in the aftermath of the Second World War, policy-makers became aware that the terms of peace could have a powerful impact on the likelihood of return to conflict. Significant progress has been made in developing peace-making processes that undercut the original causes of conflict and which thus diminish the possibility that conflict will recur. Architectures of international cooperation and inter-dependence also work to diminish the possibility of war.
The historical memory of conflict, however, has proven to be a serious and intractable obstacle to international harmony. The historical bitterness that afflicts Japan’s relations with Korea and China is greater now than at any time since the Second World War. Ancient antagonisms pit Cambodia against its two neighbours, Thailand and Vietnam. The memory of the massacre of communists in Indonesia 50 years ago looms as an issue in contemporary Indonesian politics.
Meanwhile, formal and informal reconciliation process in various countries of the region (including Korea, Cambodia and East Timor) have shed light on possible paths to preventing the legacies of bitter histories from causing ongoing conflict.
This course will critically analyse the processes used in dealing with the past, as well as the prospects and challenges for cooperation and reconciliation.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- Analyse the current territorial and political tension of Asia from a historical perspective;
- Evaluate different perspectives presented by scholars from different countries;
- Demonstrate an understanding of theories and practices of reconciliation in various cultural contexts;
- Debate the possibilities and challenges to reconciliation in Asia;
- Analyse the historical, economic and political underpinnings of memory of conflict in Asia.
- Participation in discussion (10) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
- 5 x 300 word blog posts related to weekly topics (20) [LO 1,3,4,5]
- Essay (5000 words) (70) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
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WorkloadThree hours class contact per week. Total contact 33 hours. Students are expected to devote 130 hours in total to this course, including class contact and independent study.
Preliminary ReadingBarkan, Elizar, The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices (New York, W. W. Norton, 2000).
Breen, John, Yasukuni, the War Dead and the Struggle for Japan's Past (Columbia University Press, 2008)
Camilleri, Joseph A. and Sven Schottmann, Culture, Religion and Conflict in Muslim Southeast Asia: Negotiating Tense Pluralisms (London: Routledge, 2013)
Christie, Kenneth and Robert Cribb (ed.) Historical Injustice and Democratic Transition in Eastern Asia and Northern Europe (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002).
Fujitani, T.; White Geoffrey M. and Yoneyama, Lisa, Perilous Memories: The Asia-Pacific War(s) (Durham NC, Duke University Press, 2001).
Gibney, Mark, and Erik Roxstom, 'The Moral Functions of an Apology', (Rodney C. Roberts eds.) Injustice and Rectification (New York: Peter Lang, 2002), pp.111-123.
Jager, Shiela Miyoshi and Mitter, Rana, Ruptured Histories: War, Memory and the Post-Cold War in Asia (Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 2007).
Kwak, Jun-Hyeok and Melissa Nobles, Inherited Responsibility and Historical Reconciliation (London: Routledge, 2013)
Lee, Seokwoo and Hee Eun Lee, Dokdo: Historical Appraisal and International Justice (Martinus Nijhoff, 2011)
Morris-Suzuki, Tessa; Low, Morris; Petrov, Leonid and Tsu, Timothy Y. East Asia Beyond the History Wars: Addressing the Ghosts of Conflict (London, Routledge, 2013)
Nozaki, Yoshiko and Mark Selden, ‘Japanese Textbook Controversies, Nationalism, and Historical Memory: Intra- and Inter-national Conflicts’ (JapanFocus, 2011-07-27, http://www.japanfocus.org/-Mark-Selden/3173)
Pan, Junwu, Toward a New Framework for Peaceful Settlement of China's Territorial and boundary disputes (Martinus Nijhoff, 2009)
Wilson, Trevor, Myanmar's Long Road to National Reconciliation (Singapore, 2006)
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