• Class Number 6234
  • Term Code 3360
  • Class Info
  • Unit Value 6 units
  • Mode of Delivery In Person
    • Dr Tim Denham
    • Dr Tim Denham
  • Class Dates
  • Class Start Date 24/07/2023
  • Class End Date 27/10/2023
  • Census Date 31/08/2023
  • Last Date to Enrol 31/07/2023
SELT Survey Results

Environmental archaeologists routinely apply techniques and interpretations derived from the biological and geophysical sciences to archaeological problems. The interpretation of archaeological evidence with respect to human–environment interactions in the past, including environmental change, is referred to under the umbrella term ‘environmental archaeology’. Although definitions vary, human activities are considered within broad environmental contexts, which can range from the region, to the landscape, to the landform, to the site … and even down to individual particles.


In this course, we will cover the concepts, methods and techniques commonly adopted by environmental archaeologists, as well as engage in practical exercises (either obtained in the laboratory or using pre-existing datasets). Drawing on examples from across the world, we will consider how lines of environmental archaeological evidence have informed our understanding of how people utilised resources in the past, including: how various proxies contribute to local, regional and global records of environmental change; and, how people impacted and modified specific environments in the past. Several fields within environmental archaeology are of particular focus: archaeobotany, geoarchaeology, palaeoecology and zooarchaeology.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

  1. critically evaluate the main concepts, methods and techniques of environmental archaeology;
  2. assess the two-way character of human-environment interactions in the past, with particular reference to limitations of the multidisciplinary evidence;
  3. evaluate how environmental archaeology can contribute to our understanding of long-term environmental change, with particular reference to issues facing the modern world; and,
  4. undertake a practical analysis of a dataset to address an environmental archaeological problem.

Staff Feedback

Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:

  • written comments
  • verbal comments
  • feedback to whole class, groups, individuals, focus group etc

Student Feedback

ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.

Class Schedule

Week/Session Summary of Activities Assessment
1 Introduction to Environmental Archaeology
2 Understanding the Environment - Geology and Geomorphology
3 Understanding the Environment - Palaeoecological and Palaeoclimatic Proxies
4 Archaeological Stratigraphy - Multiscale and Mixed Method
5 Setting the Geochronological Context
6 Archaeobotany - Plant macrofossils Wattle Quiz 1
7 Archaeobotany - Plant microfossils Essay
8 Zooarchaeology - Macro-to-mesofaunal remains
9 Zooarchaeology - Meso-to-microfaunal remains
10 Ancient DNA, ZooMS, Isotopes - Prospects and Pitfalls
11 Understanding People in the Environment Wattle Quiz 2
12 Intersections in Environmental Archaeology Laboratory/Analytical Report

Assessment Summary

Assessment task Value Learning Outcomes
Essay 40 % 1,2,3
Wattle Quizzes 20 % 1,2,3
Laboratory/Analytical Report 40 % 1,2,4

* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details


ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:

Assessment Requirements

The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Integrity . In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.

Moderation of Assessment

Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.

Assessment Task 1

Value: 40 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3


Produce an essay of 3500 words (details to be discussed in class) - to choose topic from a list of set essay questions

Assessment Task 2

Value: 20 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3

Wattle Quizzes

Two Wattle Quizzes on content for the whole course will be done

Assessment Task 3

Value: 40 %
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,4

Laboratory/Analytical Report

Undertake independent analysis of data set/generated data and produce report of 2500 words - details to be discussed in class

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. At its heart, academic integrity is about behaving ethically, committing to honest and responsible scholarly practice and upholding these values with respect and fairness.

The ANU commits to assisting all members of our community to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. The ANU expects staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle and Academic Misconduct Rule, uphold high standards of academic integrity and act ethically and honestly, to ensure the quality and value of the qualification that you will graduate with.

The Academic Misconduct Rule is in place to promote academic integrity and manage academic misconduct. Very minor breaches of the academic integrity principle may result in a reduction of marks of up to 10% of the total marks available for the assessment. The ANU offers a number of online and in person services to assist students with their assignments, examinations, and other learning activities. Visit the Academic Skills website for more information about academic integrity, your responsibilities and for assistance with your assignments, writing skills and study.

Online Submission

You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.

Hardcopy Submission

For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.

Late Submission

Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:

  • Late submission not permitted. If submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date is not permitted, a mark of 0 will be awarded.
  • Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.

Referencing Requirements

Accepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.

Extensions and Penalties

Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.

Privacy Notice

The ANU has made a number of third party, online, databases available for students to use. Use of each online database is conditional on student end users first agreeing to the database licensor’s terms of service and/or privacy policy. Students should read these carefully. In some cases student end users will be required to register an account with the database licensor and submit personal information, including their: first name; last name; ANU email address; and other information.
In cases where student end users are asked to submit ‘content’ to a database, such as an assignment or short answers, the database licensor may only use the student’s ‘content’ in accordance with the terms of service – including any (copyright) licence the student grants to the database licensor. Any personal information or content a student submits may be stored by the licensor, potentially offshore, and will be used to process the database service in accordance with the licensors terms of service and/or privacy policy.
If any student chooses not to agree to the database licensor’s terms of service or privacy policy, the student will not be able to access and use the database. In these circumstances students should contact their lecturer to enquire about alternative arrangements that are available.

Distribution of grades policy

Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.

Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.

Support for students

The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).

Dr Tim Denham

Research Interests

Environmental Archaeology, Early Agriculture, Domestication, Geoarchaeology, Pacific Archaeology, Island Southeast Asian archaeology

Dr Tim Denham

Monday 15:00 16:00
Monday 15:00 16:00
Dr Tim Denham

Research Interests

Dr Tim Denham

Monday 15:00 16:00
Monday 15:00 16:00

Responsible Officer: Registrar, Student Administration / Page Contact: Website Administrator / Frequently Asked Questions