- Class Number 2461
- Term Code 3330
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery In Person
- Dr Eve Warburton
- Dr Eve Warburton
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 20/02/2023
- Class End Date 26/05/2023
- Census Date 31/03/2023
- Last Date to Enrol 27/02/2023
This course focuses on political and social developments in Indonesia since 1945. It summarises the major political events and figures of the post-independence period before examining specific themes such as the role of the military, Islamic movements, the state Pancasila ideology, criminality and violence, gender, foreign policy and the position of minorities. Discussion of different scholarly interpretations of these events and themes will form a major part of the course.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
1. Demonstrate a strong grasp of the main events, issues figures and organisations that have shaped Indonesian political and social life post independence.
2. Understand the major scholarly approaches to the study of Indonesia.
3. Critically engage with primary and secondary source materials.
My research is concerned broadly with problems of representation and governance in young and developing democracies, with a focus on Southeast Asia and Indonesia in particular. Course content draws directly on my two decades of experience working, living, and conducting research in Indonesia.
Additional Course Costs
Examination Material or equipment
None. All mandatory readings and numerous supplementary readings are posted on Wattle.
Below is a list of useful books on Indonesia, all of which are available from the library. Students who are keenly interested in Indonesia or envisaging more serious study of the country might consider purchasing some of these works but there is no necessity to do so.
- Ricklefs, M. C., A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200 (4th edn), Palgrave, London, 2009. (This is a reliable and historically comprehensive reference work, though narratively dense).
- Cribb, Robert, and Colin Brown, Modern Indonesia: A History since 1945, Longman, Harlow, 1996. (An excellent and very accessible account of Indonesia's pre-Reformasi history.)
- Pisani, Elizabeth, Indonesia Etc. Exploring the Improbable Nation, WW Norton & Company, New York, 2014. (This book is a vivid and very readable account of contemporary politics, society and culture.)
- Setiawan, Ken and Dirk Tomas, Politics in Contemporary Indonesia: Institutional Change, Policy Challenges and Democratic Decline, Routledge, 2022. (A readable and thorough account of Indonesia's contemporary politics and democratic trajectory.)
The following online resources may also prove to be useful:
The Jakarta Post: http://www.thejakartapost.com
New Mandala: http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/category/indonesia-politics/
Inside Indonesia: http://www.insideindonesia.org
Indonesia at Melbourne: http://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au
Tempo: http://www.tempo.co.id (available in both English and Indonesian through the ANU library online)
Kompas Online: http://www.kompas.com (The most respected and best established newspaper. It has selected articles available in English but largely in Indonesian.)
Staff FeedbackStudents will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
- Written comments
- Verbal comments
- Feedback to the whole class, to groups, to individuals, focus groups
Student FeedbackANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). The feedback given in these surveys is anonymous and provides the Colleges, University Education Committee and Academic Board with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement. The Surveys and Evaluation website provides more information on student surveys at ANU and reports on the feedback provided on ANU courses.
|Week/Session||Summary of Activities||Assessment|
|1||(a) Introduction to the course (b) Studying Indonesian Politics: Key Concepts and Themes||Eve Warburton|
|2||(a) Colonialism, Nationalism and Revolution (b) Parliamentary Democracy, Guided Democracy, and the Communist Massacres||(a) Guest Lecture: Robert Cribb (b) Eve Warburton|
|3||(a) Stable Authoritarianism: Suharto's New Order (b) Democracy Returns: Explaining Reformasi||Eve Warburton|
|4||(a) Indonesia's Democracy Today: Elections, Parties and Parliament (b) Indonesia's Democracy Today: Money, Power and Patronage||Eve Warburton & Lila Sari|
|5||(a) Indonesia's Economic Trajectories: Development and Poverty Over Time (b) Tycoons and Oligarchs: Indonesia's Super Rich||(a) Guest Lecture: Hal Hill (b) Eve Warburton|
|6||The Military in Politics: From Independence to Today||Eve Warburton|
|7||Islamic Politics||Guest Lecture: Greg Fealy|
|8||(a) Identity Politics and Minority Rights (b) Women and Political Representation||Eve Warburton|
|9||(a) Is Indonesia Cursed? The Politics of Natural Resource Wealth (b) Protecting Indonesia's Forests||(a) Eve Warburton (b) Rini Astuti|
|10||Understanding Conflict in Contemporary Indonesia||Guest Lecture: Sana Jaffrey (TBC)|
|11||The Decline of Indonesian Democracy?||Eve Warburton|
|12||Revision and Exam Preparation||Eve Warburton|
Register for tutorials via Wattle
|Assessment task||Value||Due Date||Return of assessment||Learning Outcomes|
|Tutorial Participation (15%)||15 %||*||*||1,2,3,4,5|
|A short essay/ op-ed on a current political or social controversy (20%)||20 %||22/03/2023||28/03/2023||1,2,3,4,5|
|Book review (25%)||25 %||08/05/2023||23/05/2023||1,2,3,4,5|
|Main Essay (40%)||40 %||16/06/2023||30/06/2023||1,2,3,4,5|
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
PoliciesANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines, which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Misconduct Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:
Assessment RequirementsThe ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website Students may choose not to submit assessment items through Turnitin. In this instance you will be required to submit, alongside the assessment item itself, hard copies of all references included in the assessment item.
Moderation of AssessmentMarks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.
Details given above (assessment 1)
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5
Tutorial Participation (15%)
Tutorials will be interactive, and students will be able to work together and learn from each other as we work through the tutorial questions as a class. Students will be assessed on their contributions to class discussions and engagement with course materials.
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5
A short essay/ op-ed on a current political or social controversy (20%)
Students will be asked to write a short essay (1000 words) on a contemporary, contentious issue in Indonesian society or politics. A list of potential topics will be posted on Wattle at the start of the course, but students can nominate their own topics if they wish. The essay should provide a brief context to the topic before discussing recent controversies and what these might tell us about Indonesian society. The essay is due by 23:55 Tuesday 22 March 2023 (week 5).
Assessment Task 3
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5
Book review (25%)
The aim of the book review is to critically assess a major text on Indonesia. The text should be an academic book, preferably from the course reading list and on a topic that relates to the student's major essay. Students are advised to avoid textbooks or largely descriptive works; books which have a clear or controversial line of argument often provide the best material for reviews. Students should consult with me before making a final choice of book for review.
The book review should be 2000 words in length. In the essay, students should:
· state succinctly what the book is about;
· outline the contents of the book. You may choose to concentrate on a particular aspect of book if you think that produces a more productive critique;
· analyse the approach taken by the author. What is their disciplinary background and what conceptual tools or theoretical frameworks do they use?
· discuss how the book fits into to the literature on the subject; and
· most importantly of all, weigh up the strengths and weaknesses of the book.
Assessment Task 4
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4,5
Main Essay (40%)
The main essay is 4000 words and provides an opportunity for you to explore more deeply a topic of your choice. Students must choose a different topic for the main essay to that on which they gave their tutorial presentation. A list of possible questions is given below, but students who wish to do so are welcome to devise their own questions in consultation with Eve or Lila.
Possible essay questions:
- Were the Japanese liberators or oppressors during the Occupation period, 1942-1945?
- ‘Ideology is dead in Indonesia’. Discuss with reference to Pancasila, nationalism and Islam.
- Indonesia's transition to democracy came about primarily because Soeharto lost the support of elites. Do you agree?
- The Chinese in Indonesia have been described as a ‘pariah minority’. Does this term accurately reflect their role in politics and the economy?
- What does the emergence of extremist groups such as Jemaah Islamiyah, Laskar Jihad and the Islamic Defenders’ Front (FPI) since 1998 demonstrate about the character of Indonesian Islam and the broader democratic transition?
- Why has corruption become so endemic in Indonesia and what are the obstacles to its elimination?
- Democratic reform has ensured that the military are a spent force in Indonesia’s political landscape. Do you agree?
- Political parties consolidate democracies (O’Donnell & Schmitter, 1986). Have contemporarypolitical parties seen significant institutional reform and development since the 1950s to ensure the future of Indonesian democracy?
- Before becoming president, Jokowi was widely seen as a reformist but some analysts now argue he is a status-quo politician, like Suliso Bambang Yudhoyono. Which characterisation do you find more compelling and why?
- ‘The relative peace and success of democratic elections in Aceh and Papua in recent years shows that regional autonomy, not centralisation, is the best way to prevent separatism in Indonesia.’Do you agree?
- Why has democracy become entrenched in Indonesia over the past 20 years when it ‘failed’ in the 1950s?
Tip: The tutorial reading lists provide many references relevant to answering these essay questions. Please contact me if you are having trouble locating sufficient material for your essays.
Criteria for assessing written work
Essay writing is an essential part of the learning process and a vital medium through which your understanding of a subject can be assessed. Good academic writing usually contains the following attributes:
Arguments supported by reference to secondary and, if possible, primary material
Adequate range of sources
Central question or issue clearly defined and answered
Discussion of key issues and relevance of narrative
Logical flow of ideas and arguments
Evidence of creative thought and articulation of own ideas
Conclusions supported by evidence and argument
Contains introduction and conclusion
Fluent and succinct writing
Accurate spelling, grammar and punctuation
When preparing essays, students should use the above list as a guide. It is particularly important to engage critically with source materials. Do not accept without question the views or interpretations given in the works which you read. Use them rather as a means of finding your own way into the problem at hand.Your essays should be more than simply a report on other people’s views but instead you shoulddemonstrate your own understanding of the question or issue.
All written work is to be submitted in not less than a 12-point font and with 1.5 or double line spacing. Essays must be fully referenced, using footnotes and a bibliography, and be submitted with a cover sheet which records the word count.
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Online SubmissionThe ANU uses Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. While the use of Turnitin is not mandatory, the ANU highly recommends Turnitin is used by both teaching staff and students. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the ANU Online website.
Hardcopy SubmissionFor some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.
Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.
Referencing RequirementsAccepted academic practice for referencing sources that you use in presentations can be found via the links on the Wattle site, under the file named “ANU and College Policies, Program Information, Student Support Services and Assessment”. Alternatively, you can seek help through the Students Learning Development website.
Extensions and PenaltiesExtensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure The Course Convener may grant extensions for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.
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Indonesia; Southeast Asia; democracy; political economy of policymaking; political representation
Dr Eve Warburton