- Class Number 5358
- Term Code 3360
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery In Person
- Dr Ben Mercer
- Dr Ben Mercer
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 24/07/2023
- Class End Date 27/10/2023
- Census Date 31/08/2023
- Last Date to Enrol 31/07/2023
Terror, terrorist acts and terrorism are as old as human history. Individuals, sects, cults, despotic rulers, revolutionaries, political organizations, independence movements, 'freedom fighters' and modern nation states have for millennia used terror (violence, fear and intimidation) to advance their interests. Despite this, acts of terror when they occur continue to shock and surprise the community, society or nation in which they take place. Each generation it seems views terror and terrorism as something unique, frightening and new.
This course will explore the modern history of terror, terrorism and counter-terrorism. Beginning with the birth of modern terrorism — 'The Terror' of Revolutionary France — it will examine how terror has been used, justified, fought, changed, surged, ebbed and periodically reappeared since 1793. A series of case studies will look at different categories of terror and terrorism: revolutionary terror, anarchist terrorism, nationalist (and anti-colonial) campaigns of terror, and the use of terror methods by modern nation states and those who challenge their power. We will also examine how terror and terrorism is shaped by the transformations of technology and media. Terrorism may appear ubiquitous today, but one should not assume that terrorism itself has changed. This course will explore the continuities, transformation and ironies to be found in the history of terror over the last two centuries.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- critically analyse how terror and the use of violence to provoke fear and intimidate societies, governments and nations has been employed over the last two centuries;
- demonstrate an understanding of the different types and evolving nature of terror;
- evaluate the different theories of terrorism and how the perpetrators of acts of terror have attempted to justify their actions; and
- use evidence, apply theory, formulate arguments and express their views in both oral and written form.
Whether you are on campus or studying online, there are a variety of online platforms you will use to participate in your study program. These could include videos for lectures and other instruction, two-way video conferencing for interactive learning, email and other messaging tools for communication, interactive web apps for formative and collaborative activities, print and/or photo/scan for handwritten work and drawings, and home-based assessment.
ANU outlines recommended student system requirements to ensure you are able to participate fully in your learning. Other information is also available about the various Learning Platforms you may use.
Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
- written comments
- verbal comments
- feedback to whole class, groups, individuals, focus group etc
ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). Feedback can also be provided to Course Conveners and teachers via the Student Experience of Learning & Teaching (SELT) feedback program. SELT surveys are confidential and also provide the Colleges and ANU Executive with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement.
|Summary of Activities
|Introduction: What is Terrorism?
|The French Revolution and Birth of State Terror
|Anarchism: Propaganda by the Deed
|Tsarist Russia: Terror and Revolution
|Thugs, Fanatics and Terror in Colonial India
|Document Exercise Due
|The Second World War: Terror Bombing
|Algeria: Decolonization, Torture and Counter-terrorism
|Lynching: Vigilantism, Terror and Mob Justice
|Israel and Palestine
|Northern Ireland: How Terrorism Ends?
|‘New Terrorism’: 9/11 and the War on Terror
|White Supremacists and Lone Wolves
Tutorial RegistrationANU utilises MyTimetable to enable students to view the timetable for their enrolled courses, browse, then self-allocate to small teaching activities / tutorials so they can better plan their time. Find out more on the Timetable webpage.
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines , which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Integrity Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:
- Academic Integrity Policy and Procedure
- Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure
- Special Assessment Consideration Guideline and General Information
- Student Surveys and Evaluations
- Deferred Examinations
- Student Complaint Resolution Policy and Procedure
- Code of practice for teaching and learning
The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Skills website. In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.
Moderation of Assessment
Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.
A student's tutorial participation (performance and attendance) is worth 10%.
Tutorial performance is the mark a tutor gives the student for their contribution to tutorials. The tutor will be looking for evidence that the student has done the tutorial reading, and is willing to share ideas, listen to other students and participate in group discussion. Although attendance at tutorials is obligatory, allowance will be made for absences caused by illness or personal circumstances provided the tutor is informed in time. More than two unexplained absences will significantly affect the participation mark.
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 1,4
Word Limit: 1250 words.
This task asks you to analyse a set of documents to answer a specific question. Make an argument in answer to your question, using your sources as evidence. To do this, you will need to put those sources in context, understand why they were written - the author's intentions, and their audience, but also the author's assumptions, world-view and beliefs, and evaluate them for their meanings, for what they do and do not reveal about the past. Further instructions on Wattle.
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 1,3,4
Word limit: 2250 words
This course is organised around a set of case studies: The Terror of the French Revolution, anarchist terrorism, Russian Revolutionary terrorism, colonial India, lynching, aerial bombardment, Algeria, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Northern Ireland, White Power movements or the war on terror. Using one of these case studies, answer ONE of the questions below. You may also write your essay on a case study of terrorism that is not covered in detail in the course, but please consult with your tutor and the convenor, who must approve your choice.
1. What explains the choice to use terror rather than another form of action in your case study?
2. Are ‘terrorists … “turbulent and unbalanced,” “hysterical” or “suicidal” and … “completely abnormal”’ (Anna Geifman, Thou Shalt Kill, p.170)? What motivates individuals to become terrorists in your case study?
3. How successful was the terrorism in your case study? Why?
4. How successful was counter-terrorism in your case study? Why?
5. When, how and why does terrorism come to an end in your case study?
6. ‘Women terrorists are more fanatical and have a greater capacity for suffering.’ (Walter Laqueur, The New Terrorism, p.38) Discuss with reference to one case study.
7. How fundamentally has technology transformed the phenomenon of terrorism?
8. How is terrorism and its perception shaped by the mass media?
Assessment Task 3
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3,4
Word Limit: 1500 words
The examination will be a take-home exam, and will be due at a date TBA during the exam period. You will have a minimum of a week to write the exam, which will cover the entire semester. You will be expected to synthesise the materials you have read and discussed throughout the semester, and to think synoptically about the course and the subject matter.
Assessment Task 4
Learning Outcomes: 1,2,3
The lecture forums are designed to help you to get the most out of the lectures. Forums are composed of the members of your tutorial group, so you all know each other. Each member of the member should make a minimum of one post about the week’s lecture, although you can make more if you wish. The post should be short – 100 words or fewer. You can also post a voice-thread instead of writing (use the microphone icon above). Aim not to take more than five or ten minutes to do this. The goal here is not to craft an amazing insight or demonstrate research but to share and collate what - as a group - you think is important or is worth taking away from the lecture. You can contribute in a number of ways:
- What was the key take-away for you from the lecture? (There really is no right answer to this question – there will always be multiple points you can take-away).
- Another way of putting this is – what would you tell someone who didn’t go to the lecture what the most important point was?
- What was something you know now that you didn’t before? Why does that matter?
- Is there a question that you now have? Or do you have questions that the lecture did not or could not answer?
Please note your post should not be about the tutorial readings (which are discussed in the tutorials).
This component is graded (10% of the final mark). Posts are graded on a scale of one to three stars. One stars is too short, unsatisfactory or off topic. Two stars signifies successful completion of the task. Three stars signifies an exceptionally useful contribution. You are expected to post each week, but there is no penalty if you miss up to three weeks. Forums close one week after the lecture.
Try to avoid repeating points others have made, and keep your posts relatively short and to the point – this is meant to be an informal and free-flowing environment. Feel free to engage in conversation and comment on others’ posts, but as always, remember to keep the discussion polite and respectful.
Your participation will be graded (this component is worth 10%). Forum posts are marked via a star rating of one through three stars. One star means inadequate - either the post is not relevant, is about the tutorial readings or not the lecture, or shows no engagement with the lecture. Two stars is completed. Three stars is only for exceptional posts. Nine posts of two stars across the course of semester equates to an HD mark for this component of the course. No late submissions are accepted.
Assessment Task 5
Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. The University’s students are an integral part of that community. The academic integrity principle commits all students to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support, academic integrity, and to uphold this commitment by behaving honestly, responsibly and ethically, and with respect and fairness, in scholarly practice.
The University expects all staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle, the Academic Integrity Rule 2021, the Policy: Student Academic Integrity and Procedure: Student Academic Integrity, and to uphold high standards of academic integrity to ensure the quality and value of our qualifications.
The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 is a legal document that the University uses to promote academic integrity, and manage breaches of the academic integrity principle. The Policy and Procedure support the Rule by outlining overarching principles, responsibilities and processes. The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 commences on 1 December 2021 and applies to courses commencing on or after that date, as well as to research conduct occurring on or after that date. Prior to this, the Academic Misconduct Rule 2015 applies.
The University commits to assisting all students to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. All coursework students must complete the online Academic Integrity Module (Epigeum), and Higher Degree Research (HDR) students are required to complete research integrity training. The Academic Integrity website provides information about services available to assist students with their assignments, examinations and other learning activities, as well as understanding and upholding academic integrity.
You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.
For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.
Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Policy regarding late submission is detailed below:
- Late submission not permitted. If submission of assessment tasks without an extension after the due date is not permitted, a mark of 0 will be awarded.
- Late submission permitted. Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.
The Academic Skills website has information to assist you with your writing and assessments. The website includes information about Academic Integrity including referencing requirements for different disciplines. There is also information on Plagiarism and different ways to use source material.
Extensions and Penalties
Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.
Distribution of grades policy
Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.
Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.
Support for students
The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).
- ANU Health, safety & wellbeing for medical services, counselling, mental health and spiritual support
- ANU Access and inclusion for students with a disability or ongoing or chronic illness
- ANU Dean of Students for confidential, impartial advice and help to resolve problems between students and the academic or administrative areas of the University
- ANU Academic Skills and Learning Centre supports you make your own decisions about how you learn and manage your workload.
- ANU Counselling Centre promotes, supports and enhances mental health and wellbeing within the University student community.
- ANUSA supports and represents undergraduate and ANU College students
- PARSA supports and represents postgraduate and research students