- Class Number 6498
- Term Code 3370
- Class Info
- Unit Value 6 units
- Mode of Delivery In Person
- Dr Darren Lim
- Dr Darren Lim
- Class Dates
- Class Start Date 15/11/2023
- Class End Date 20/12/2023
- Census Date 24/11/2023
- Last Date to Enrol 06/11/2023
Why has the unparalleled military might of the United States seemingly been insufficient to achieve its interests in the Middle East, while Russia appears to have achieved significant success in Europe? Does China's rapidly growing economy endow it with a potent economic instrument of power? Is the soft power of the West declining amid global financial crisis and domestic political turmoil? Who is winning the contest of great powers in the 21st century? This course focuses on puzzles like these, examining how power is accumulated and wielded in international relations, and the conditions under which its use can be successful. States are the primary focus of the course, and five primary modes of power will be studied: military power, economic power, technological power, soft power and hegemonic power. The objective of this course is to provide the student with a broad and deep understanding of how power can be conceptualised, measured, and deployed in international relations, and the conditions for its successful use. The course considers a wide range of contemporary issues and case studies and will analyse both the capacity of and limitations on states to wield different types of power successfully.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- identify, compare and evaluate different types of power and instruments of power in international relations;
- analyse the conditions under which the use of different types of power deployed by states will succeed or fail;
- debate and evaluate different approaches to major issues;
- apply the various analytical frameworks relating to to the use of power to contemporary case studies; and
- develop and demonstrate sound research and writing skills.
The analytical framework used in the course is drawn from a published article by the Course Convenor. Several modules also draw up recently published work by the convenor, including on the topics of economic coercion, bargaining and inducements, information operations and hegemonic power.
Additional Course Costs
There are no additional costs associated with this course.
Examination Material or equipment
Details about the material or equipment that is permitted in an examination room will be outlined in the first lecture and on the course’s Wattle site.
There are no assigned textbooks. Required and additional readings will be made available on the course’s Wattle page.
A large number of journals and periodicals exist that include the cutting edge developments of the discipline. Being familiar with these sources and surveying at least some of them regularly will assist you in this course.
American Political Science Review
American Journal of Political Science
Australian Journal of International Affairs
Chinese Journal of International Politics
Ethics and International Affairs
European Journal of International Relations
International Relations of Asia-Pacific
International Studies Perspectives
International Studies Quarterly
International Studies Review
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal of European Public Policy
Journal of Peace Research
Journal of Politics
Journal of Strategic Studies
Perspectives of Politics
P.S. Political Science
Review of International Organizations
Review of International Political Economy
Review of International Studies
Students will be given feedback in the following forms in this course:
- Students will receive feedback on their understanding of course materials via completing the quizzes, and discussing the answers in the following class.
- Additional feedback will be given on students' ability to apply the course concepts during the in-person seminars.
- Written feedback on the research essay will be provided via Turnitin.
ANU is committed to the demonstration of educational excellence and regularly seeks feedback from students. Students are encouraged to offer feedback directly to their Course Convener or through their College and Course representatives (if applicable). Feedback can also be provided to Course Conveners and teachers via the Student Experience of Learning & Teaching (SELT) feedback program. SELT surveys are confidential and also provide the Colleges and ANU Executive with opportunities to recognise excellent teaching, and opportunities for improvement.
Additional referencing requirements
It is a requirement of this course that your essay conform to academic writing standards and referencing. As noted for the short analytical piece, please use footnotes (which contain the appropriate website address). For the research essay, the Harvard in-text author-date referencing style is preferred. You may contact the ANU Academic Skills and Writing Centre for further advice. For details about the Harvard citation style please see the ANU style guide website at https://academicskills.anu.edu.au/resources/handouts/referencingstyle-guides.
The information provided is a preliminary Class Outline. All updates, changes and further information will be uploaded on the course Wattle site and will not be updated on Programs and Courses throughout the semester. Any questions or concerns should be directed to the Course Convenor.
|Week/Session||Summary of Activities||Assessment|
|1||Class Introduction and Overview|
|2||Developing an Analytical Framework for Studying Power||Seminar 1 (in-person): Mon 20 November 2023, 12:30-2:30pm|
|3||Military Coercion: Bombing to Win?|
|4||War Fighting: Big Nations Losing, and Winning, Small Wars||Seminar 2 (in-person): Wed 22 November 2023, 12:30-2:30pm, QUIZ 1|
|5||Weaponised Interdependence: Economic Coercion|
|6||Bargaining Power: Inducements and Negotiation||Seminar 3 (in-person): Fri 24 November 2023, 12:30-2:30pm, QUIZ 2|
|7||Soft Power: The Trump effect|
|8||Institutional Power: Contesting Global Order||Seminar 4 (in-person): Mon 27 November 2023, 12:30-2:30pm, QUIZ 3|
|9||Technological Power: Overcoming Asymmetry|
|10||Information Operations: Statecraft in a Digital Age||Seminar 5 (in-person): Wed 29 November 2023, 10am-12:00pm, QUIZ 4|
|11||Conclusions and Course Review||Seminar 6 (in-person): Thu 30 November 2023, 10am-12pm.|
|Assessment task||Value||Due Date||Return of assessment||Learning Outcomes|
|IN-CLASS QUIZZES||20 %||*||*||1, 2, 4|
|TAKE-HOME EXAMINATION||35 %||06/12/2023||13/12/2023||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|RESEARCH ESSAY||45 %||20/12/2023||*||1, 2, 3, 4, 5|
* If the Due Date and Return of Assessment date are blank, see the Assessment Tab for specific Assessment Task details
ANU has educational policies, procedures and guidelines , which are designed to ensure that staff and students are aware of the University’s academic standards, and implement them. Students are expected to have read the Academic Integrity Rule before the commencement of their course. Other key policies and guidelines include:
The ANU is using Turnitin to enhance student citation and referencing techniques, and to assess assignment submissions as a component of the University's approach to managing Academic Integrity. For additional information regarding Turnitin please visit the Academic Skills website. In rare cases where online submission using Turnitin software is not technically possible; or where not using Turnitin software has been justified by the Course Convener and approved by the Associate Dean (Education) on the basis of the teaching model being employed; students shall submit assessment online via ‘Wattle’ outside of Turnitin, or failing that in hard copy, or through a combination of submission methods as approved by the Associate Dean (Education). The submission method is detailed below.
Moderation of Assessment
Marks that are allocated during Semester are to be considered provisional until formalised by the College examiners meeting at the end of each Semester. If appropriate, some moderation of marks might be applied prior to final results being released.
Assessment Task 1
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 4
Due date: (1) Wed 22 Nov; (2) Fri 24 Nov; (3) Mon 27 Nov; (4) Wed 29 Nov.
Value: 20% of final grade (each quiz is worth 5%);
Estimated return date: Thu 30 Nov
There will be four in-class quizzes during the semester (30 minutes each). They will distributed at the beginning of that day's seminar. The format will be multiple-choice and true false. More information on content will be delivered in the first lecture.
Each quiz counts towards 5% towards the final mark. Students who are unable to complete a quiz on the specified date and within the designated time window may apply for a deferred assessment in accordance with the conditions specified at: https://www.anu.edu.au/students/program-administration/assessments-exams/deferred-examinations
A maximum of one quiz can be deferred. Deferred quizzes will take place in-person on Thursday 30 November 2023 (1pm-1:30pm).
The answers to each quiz will be discussed in the following lecture. Accordingly, any students who take a deferred quiz will take a specially prepared quiz in which the entire course material will be testable.
Assessment Task 2
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Release date: Wednesday 29 November, 4pm
Due date: Wednesday 6 December, 12pm
Value: 35% of final grade
Word length: 1,500 words
Estimated return date: Wednesday 13 November
The structure of the final exam will be discussed during the lectures and seminars.
Assessment Task 3
Learning Outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Due date: Wednesday 20 December, 12pm
Word limit: 2,000 words
Value: 45% of final grade;
Estimated return date:
There are two options. The primary option [Option A], which we expect most students to do, is a research essay (2,000 words) that provides a “power analysis” of an event or issue of international relations. A list of potential topics will be posted on Wattle no later than Monday 4 December. You must answer one of the topics assigned—you cannot make up your own question.
Your essay must utilise the analytical framework developed in week two and should thus do the following:
- Analyse the policy context in which the sender state(s) seeks to wield power over the target(s). What is it, why is it important? What are the interests of the sender and the target? Specify how those interests diverge and what the sender is trying to achieve—what does “success” look like?
- Analyse the resources and/or policy instruments used by (or available to) the sender that constitute the basis of its ‘potential’ power. Specify the mechanism of influence—how do the resources/instruments of the sender (potentially or actually) affect the target? How costly is it to deploy them vis-à-vis alternatives?
- Shift your analytical focus to the impact on the target. What impact did the influence attempt have, and how did this affect the target’s decision-making calculus?
- Analyse the target’s response. What resources/instruments can (or did) it deploy (if any) in response? Did it resist, acquiesce or do nothing?
- Draw (tentative) conclusions based on your analysis which speak to the following question:
- Under what conditions can the “sender” successfully wield power over the “target”?
The secondary option [Option B] is to write a research essay on one of a series of specific questions that will be released with the Option A topics. These questions will relate to power as studied in this course but do not utilise the analytical framework as closely as Option A. You must answer one of the questions posed—you cannot make up your own question.
- Understanding of course material: Demonstrated understanding and capacity to apply the core analytical concepts of the course (35%).
- Empirical command: Accuracy, relevance and depth of the empirical analysis (25%).
- Argument: Coherence and clarity (and potentially originality) of the analysis and/or argument (30%).
- Research: Quality and appropriateness of the research, including proper attribution and referencing (10%).
Academic integrity is a core part of the ANU culture as a community of scholars. The University’s students are an integral part of that community. The academic integrity principle commits all students to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support, academic integrity, and to uphold this commitment by behaving honestly, responsibly and ethically, and with respect and fairness, in scholarly practice.
The University expects all staff and students to be familiar with the academic integrity principle, the Academic Integrity Rule 2021, the Policy: Student Academic Integrity and Procedure: Student Academic Integrity, and to uphold high standards of academic integrity to ensure the quality and value of our qualifications.
The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 is a legal document that the University uses to promote academic integrity, and manage breaches of the academic integrity principle. The Policy and Procedure support the Rule by outlining overarching principles, responsibilities and processes. The Academic Integrity Rule 2021 commences on 1 December 2021 and applies to courses commencing on or after that date, as well as to research conduct occurring on or after that date. Prior to this, the Academic Misconduct Rule 2015 applies.
The University commits to assisting all students to understand how to engage in academic work in ways that are consistent with, and actively support academic integrity. All coursework students must complete the online Academic Integrity Module (Epigeum), and Higher Degree Research (HDR) students are required to complete research integrity training. The Academic Integrity website provides information about services available to assist students with their assignments, examinations and other learning activities, as well as understanding and upholding academic integrity.
You will be required to electronically sign a declaration as part of the submission of your assignment. Please keep a copy of the assignment for your records. Unless an exemption has been approved by the Associate Dean (Education) submission must be through Turnitin.
For some forms of assessment (hand written assignments, art works, laboratory notes, etc.) hard copy submission is appropriate when approved by the Associate Dean (Education). Hard copy submissions must utilise the Assignment Cover Sheet. Please keep a copy of tasks completed for your records.
Individual assessment tasks may or may not allow for late submission. Late submission for take-home quizzes and exams is not permitted. For the essay, the policy regarding late submission is detailed below:
- Late submission permitted (essay only). Late submission of assessment tasks without an extension are penalised at the rate of 5% of the possible marks available per working day or part thereof. Late submission of assessment tasks is not accepted after 10 working days after the due date, or on or after the date specified in the course outline for the return of the assessment item. Late submission is not accepted for take-home examinations.
The Academic Skills website has information to assist you with your writing and assessments. The website includes information about Academic Integrity including referencing requirements for different disciplines. There is also information on Plagiarism and different ways to use source material.
Students’ written assessment will be returned via Turnitin.
Extensions and Penalties
Extensions and late submission of assessment pieces are covered by the Student Assessment (Coursework) Policy and Procedure. Extensions may be granted for assessment pieces that are not examinations or take-home examinations. If you need an extension, you must request an extension in writing on or before the due date. If you have documented and appropriate medical evidence that demonstrates you were not able to request an extension on or before the due date, you may be able to request it after the due date.
Resubmission of Assignments
Students may not resubmit assignments.
Distribution of grades policy
Academic Quality Assurance Committee monitors the performance of students, including attrition, further study and employment rates and grade distribution, and College reports on quality assurance processes for assessment activities, including alignment with national and international disciplinary and interdisciplinary standards, as well as qualification type learning outcomes.
Since first semester 1994, ANU uses a grading scale for all courses. This grading scale is used by all academic areas of the University.
Support for students
The University offers students support through several different services. You may contact the services listed below directly or seek advice from your Course Convener, Student Administrators, or your College and Course representatives (if applicable).
- ANU Health, safety & wellbeing for medical services, counselling, mental health and spiritual support
- ANU Access and inclusion for students with a disability or ongoing or chronic illness
- ANU Dean of Students for confidential, impartial advice and help to resolve problems between students and the academic or administrative areas of the University
- ANU Academic Skills and Learning Centre supports you make your own decisions about how you learn and manage your workload.
- ANU Counselling Centre promotes, supports and enhances mental health and wellbeing within the University student community.
- ANUSA supports and represents all ANU students
Economic statecraft; grand strategy
Dr Darren Lim