- Code ASIA3029
- Unit Value 6 units
- Offered by School of Culture History and Language
- ANU College ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
- Course subject Asian Studies
- Areas of interest History, Pacific Studies, Asian Studies, Security Studies, Asia-Pacific Studies
For most of human history in Asia, the end of military and civil conflict was followed only by a renegotiation of the balance of power between the antagonists, and by the division of spoils among the victors. During the 20th century, especially in the aftermath of the Second World War, policy-makers became aware that the terms of peace could have a powerful impact on the likelihood of return to conflict. Significant progress has been made in developing peace-making processes that undercut the original causes of conflict and which thus diminish the possibility that conflict will recur. Architectures of international cooperation and inter-dependence also work to diminish the possibility of war.
The historical memory of conflict, however, has proven to be a serious and intractable obstacle to international harmony. The historical bitterness that afflicts Japan’s relations with Korea and China is greater now than at any time since the Second World War. Ancient antagonisms pit Cambodia against its two neighbours, Thailand and Vietnam. The memory of the massacre of communists in Indonesia 50 years ago looms as an issue in contemporary Indonesian politics. Meanwhile, formal and informal reconciliation processes in various countries of the region (including Korea, Cambodia and East Timor) have shed light on possible paths to preventing the legacies of bitter histories from causing ongoing conflict. This course will critically analyse the processes used in dealing with the past, as well as the prospects and challenges for cooperation and reconciliation.
Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- Comprehend and articulate the current territorial and political tensions in Asia from a historical perspective;
- Identify the historical, economic and political underpinnings of memories of conflict in Asia;
- Understand how to engage with different perspectives presented by scholars from different countries;
- Develop an understanding of theories and practices of reconciliation in various cultural contexts;
- Identify possibilities and challenges to reconciliation in Asia.
- Participation in discussion (10) [LO 1,5]
- Written response papers/forum discussion (5 written response papers to weekly readings, 250 words each) (20) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
- Book report (chose a book from the main reading list and present an oral book review) (10) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
- Homework (Bringing 5 news report or images that are relevant to the course contents from online media for discussion) (10) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
- Essay (3000 words) (50) [LO 1,2,3,4,5]
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The total workload for the class is 130 hours including in-class time and independent study.
Requisite and Incompatibility
Barkan, Elizar, The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices (New York, W. W. Norton, 2000).
Breen, John, Yasukuni, the War Dead and the Struggle for Japan's Past (Columbia University Press, 2008)
Camilleri, Joseph A. and Sven Schottmann, Culture, Religion and Conflict in Muslim Southeast Asia: Negotiating Tense Pluralisms (London: Routledge, 2013)
Christie, Kenneth and Robert Cribb (ed.) Historical Injustice and Democratic Transition in Eastern Asia and Northern Europe (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002).
Fujitani, T.; White Geoffrey M. and Yoneyama, Lisa, Perilous Memories: The Asia-Pacific War(s) (Durham NC, Duke University Press, 2001).
Gibney, Mark, and Erik Roxstom, 'The Moral Functions of an Apology', (Rodney C. Roberts eds.) Injustice and Rectification (New York: Peter Lang, 2002), pp.111-123.
Jager, Shiela Miyoshi and Mitter, Rana, Ruptured Histories: War, Memory and the Post-Cold War in Asia (Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 2007).
Kwak, Jun-Hyeok and Melissa Nobles, Inherited Responsibility and Historical Reconciliation (London: Routledge, 2013)
Lee, Seokwoo and Hee Eun Lee, Dokdo: Historical Appraisal and International Justice (Martinus Nijhoff, 2011)
Morris-Suzuki, Tessa; Low, Morris; Petrov, Leonid and Tsu, Timothy Y. East Asia Beyond the History Wars: Addressing the Ghosts of Conflict (London, Routledge, 2013)
Nozaki, Yoshiko and Mark Selden, ‘Japanese Textbook Controversies, Nationalism, and Historical Memory: Intra- and Inter-national Conflicts’ (JapanFocus, 2011-07-27, http://www.japanfocus.org/-Mark-Selden/3173)
Pan, Junwu, Toward a New Framework for Peaceful Settlement of China's Territorial and boundary disputes (Martinus Nijhoff, 2009)
Wilson, Trevor, Myanmar's Long Road to National Reconciliation (Singapore, 2006)
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