• Offered by ANU Law School
  • ANU College ANU College of Law
  • Classification Advanced
  • Course subject Laws
  • Areas of interest Environmental Studies, Law
  • Academic career PGRD
  • Mode of delivery In Person

Describes the roles of and interaction between a diverse range of regulatory tools currently used to deliver environmental policy goals in Australia. These are compared to regulatory best practice internationally. Examination of how the “next generation” of environmental regulation and policy tools can be designed both to bring laggards up to the basic legal standard and to reward and facilitate leaders in going “beyond compliance”.

Regulation is the most important single influence on corporate environmental behaviour and permeates all substantive areas of environmental law. This course examines the diverse range of instruments that currently make up the environmental policy-makers toolkit, and which shape environmental outcomes for both large and small business, including: (i) traditional regulatory instruments such as command and control regulation (ii) market based strategies such as pollution taxes and tradable permits (iii) ‘next generation’ approaches including information based regulation, environmental audit, environment management systems (including ISO 14001), regulatory flexibility initiatives, self and co-regulatory and voluntary agreements. It addresses both urban and rural issues. It shows why enterprises choose different strategies towards environmental regulation; why some increasingly choose to go "beyond compliance"; and how combinations of policy instruments can facilitate, encourage and reward sustainable business strategy and integrate environmental and economic performance. The course includes a variety of case studies and workshops, and is designed to complement LAWS8110.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion, students will have the knowledge and skills to:

  1. Identify, analyse and reflect on the roles played by command and control regulation, market mechanisms, and a range of innovative alternatives, including informational regulation, co-regulation and economic instruments.
  2. Explain and critically evaluate the role of voluntary, incentive-based and regulatory tools in regulating the behaviour of corporations.
  3. Identify the core elements of best practice environmental regulation, and select the design principles necessary to achieve an optimal regulatory mix.
  4. Research, critically examine and communicate in writing about a problem or specific aspect of environmental regulation.

Indicative Assessment

  1. Three Discussion Forums (3 x 10% = 30%) (10) [LO null]
  2. Collaborative research activity (Wiki) (10) [LO null]
  3. Research Essay (4,000-4,500 words) (60) [LO null]

In response to COVID-19: Please note that Semester 2 Class Summary information (available under the classes tab) is as up to date as possible. Changes to Class Summaries not captured by this publication will be available to enrolled students via Wattle. 

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Classes offered in non-standard sessions will be taught on an intensive base with compulsory contact hours (approximately 26 hours of face to face teaching). The course will also require advanced preparation through assigned readings. In total, it is anticipated that the hours required for completion of this course (class preparation, teaching and completion of assessment) will not exceed 120 hours. Classes offered during semester periods are expected to have 3 contact hours per week.

Click here for the LLM Masters Program timetable.

Inherent Requirements

Not applicable

Requisite and Incompatibility

To enrol in this course you must be studying a: Master of Laws (7300XLLM, MLLM), Master of Laws in Migration (NLLML), Master of Laws in International Law (NLLIL), Master of Laws in Environmental Law (NLLEN), Master of Laws in Law, Governance & Development (NLLGD), Master of Laws in International Security Law (NLLSL), Master of Laws in Government and Regulation (NLLGR), Master of Legal Practice (MLEGP), OR Juris Doctor (7330XJD, 7330HJD or MJD) and have completed or be completing five 1000 level LAWS courses or five 6100 level LAWS courses; OR Graduate Certificate of Law (CLAW) and have completed or be completing LAWS8586 Law and Legal Institutions; OR Master of Military Law (MMILL). Students undertaking any ANU graduate program may apply for this course. Enrolments are accepted on a case-by-case basis. Please contact the ANU College of Law for permission number.

Prescribed Texts

Students must rely on the approved Class Summary which will be posted to the Programs and Courses site approximately 2 weeks prior to the commencement of the course.

Preliminary Reading

An ebrick will be available on the Wattle course site


Tuition fees are for the academic year indicated at the top of the page.  

If you are a domestic graduate coursework or international student you will be required to pay tuition fees. Tuition fees are indexed annually. Further information for domestic and international students about tuition and other fees can be found at Fees.

Student Contribution Band:
Unit value:
6 units

If you are an undergraduate student and have been offered a Commonwealth supported place, your fees are set by the Australian Government for each course. At ANU 1 EFTSL is 48 units (normally 8 x 6-unit courses). You can find your student contribution amount for each course at Fees.  Where there is a unit range displayed for this course, not all unit options below may be available.

6.00 0.12500
Domestic fee paying students
Year Fee
2020 $4320
International fee paying students
Year Fee
2020 $5760
Note: Please note that fee information is for current year only.

Offerings, Dates and Class Summary Links

ANU utilises MyTimetable to enable students to view the timetable for their enrolled courses, browse, then self-allocate to small teaching activities / tutorials so they can better plan their time. Find out more on the Timetable webpage.

There are no current offerings for this course.

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